Most people understand the inherent benefits of plastic piping — chemical resistance, installation speed, ease of assembly, cost efficiency, longevity in corrosive, harsh exterior or underground environments, etc. Not everyone, however, fully appreciates the nuances of plastic piping design that help to maximize those benefits most efficiently.
A commercial real estate corporation that owns, develops and operates premier properties in major North American cities was one of the earliest companies to recognize the benefit of individually metering tenants for their utility usage. When designing a prestigious building complex in New York City, the company sought a flow meter that would facilitate this task. After careful consideration of several options, the choice became clear: clamp-on ultrasonic flow technology from Siemens.
At one of the most prestigious universities in Asia, the main campus comprises a large number of buildings clustered within an area less than 2 km2 (1.2 mi2). Because the university was built more than a century ago, many facilities on the campus were never fitted with the proper instrumentation for energy measurement, making it difficult or impossible to monitor the performance of most HVAC systems, including the cooling system.
After having been reluctant of using clamp-on ultrasonic flow meters for energy measurement in cogeneration plants in large residential and commercial buildings, a USbased engineering firm was convinced by the clamp-on meter’s strengths.
A case of legionellosis — an illness acquired from Legionella bacteria, which can grow in cooling water and potable water systems — was diagnosed at a medical retirement home.
In 2007, White House Utility District (WHUD), a water utility serving approximately 90,000 consumers and businesses in Tennessee, faced a dilemma: how to meet a projected growing demand for water within the budget and capital constraints faced by municipal and mid-sized utilities everywhere.
Like wastewater treatment plants across the country, Village Creek Water Reclamation Facility experiences fluctuations in the volume of water to be treated due to the inflow and infiltration of stormwater. During storm events, this variation can be between X and Y mgd.
Not cool enough in summer. Not warm enough in winter. Guests staying at a prestigious country club in New York state complained regularly about the air conditioning and heating of their luxury suites and apartments. The geothermal heat exchange system serving this facility had never, in fact, been fully functional.
One of the nation’s largest four-service utility providers, Colorado Springs Utilities supplies energy and water to over 450,000 people. The state-certified laboratory of the Water Quality Assurance section processes over 14,000 samples and 80,000 analytes per year from eight watersheds, seven finished water treatment facilities, 38 finished water reservoirs, four post-chlorination stations, two wastewater treatment facilities, and over 2700 miles of pipeline.
A municipal wastewater treatment plant investigated a sudden increase in fecal coliform exceedance events.
Using historical data and Seeq analytical software, Nukon calculates when sewer blockages will occur up to 13 hours before occurrence, preventing spills.
One of the most common processes in wastewater treatment is the activated sludge method, which biologically treats the wastewater through the use of large aeration basins. This process requires the pumping of compressed air into the aeration basins where a diffuser system ensures the air is distributed evenly for optimum treatment. The energy needed to provide compressed air is a significant cost in the operation of a wastewater treatment plant.
Facility administrators will find the advanced ST100 Series Thermal Mass Air/Gas Flow Meter from Fluid Components International (FCI) helps them improve the accuracy of specialty gas point of use and sub-metering operations to achieve accurate billing in their labs for better cost tracking and control.
Coriolis measurement has been adopted as a default technology in many application scenarios due to its high accuracy and immunity to process variables (temperature, pressure and flow profile). However, Coriolis wasn't always widely accepted. Two applications, in particular, helped what was once a nascent flow measurement technology gain a foothold in the marketplace.
Fox Thermal Flow Meters use a constant temperature differential (constant Δ T) technology to measure mass flow rate of air and gases.
Dosing of the precipitant was adjusted manually based on the laboratory measurement value of the daily composite sample and so was unable to respond to possible peaks. Although being compliant with the effluent limits, the values observed fluctuate between 0.2 and 0.8 mg/L.
Hach LDO® technology improves the efficiency of pharmaceutical plant’s wastewater treatment process, helping to protect the environment and the community.
Levels of phosphorus, a chemical element that promotes organic growth, must be controlled in wastewater coming from beverage, food and dairy processing plants. Failure to control phosphorus accurately has a negative impact on water quality and can lead to large fines.
Compliance and consistent high quality are two of the key goals within the beverage industry. Hach® provides support for these goals through comprehensive analyses of water and beer.
There are several basic methods for reducing harmonic voltage and current distortion from nonlinear distribution loads such as adjustable frequency drives (AFDs). Following is a description of each method, along with each method’s advantages and disadvantages.
Organic carbon compounds vary greatly. In fact, one of the first lessons in most introductory Organic Chemistry courses explains that the number of possible carbon compounds is virtually infinite due to carbon’s ability to form long, chain-like molecules. While chromatographic methods like gas chromatography (GC) or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are able to make quantitative determinations for specific compounds, the user must first know which specific compounds to look for.
With the proliferation of sensors, data collection, and cloud storage, there is the potential for operational insight heretofore never available, and the opportunity will only expand as the technology evolves and the Internet of Things becomes, well, more of a thing. But data is only truly useful if it informs decision-making that results in positive impact — for an organization's bottom line, its personnel, its customers, or even the world at large (i.e., the environment).
With more water and wastewater utilities, as well as industrial facilities, moving toward digitalization, it’s important to understand the needs of data gatekeepers and decision-makers to set them up for success.
Guided wave radar technology provides accurate and reliable level and interface measurement in effluent treatment areas, ensuring regulatory compliance and reducing costs in wastewater applications.
No utility wants to enact an emergency plan, but every utility should have one in place.
Nicole George, Product Manager - Pumping Variable Frequency Drives with Eaton, starts this Water Talk discussion with a description of the Internet of Things (IoT) before going deep on capabilities, particularly with pumping systems and variable frequency drives (VFDs). Learn how IoT-enabled pumps can help manage operation more efficiently and save on labor costs with cloud-connected, VFD-powered data analytics and health monitoring.
The cost of operations is a rising concern for many water utilities, in addition to the chief concern of treating to regulations and protecting the environment. What may be overlooked, however, is the importance of power management to help achieve these objectives. In this Water Talk interview, Eaton Corporation's Joel Benzing explains how intelligent electrical infrastructure can help enhance plant productivity and efficiency by aiding, optimizing, and protecting the facility's equipment as well as its people.