Drilling fluid is critical for successful oil extraction. Typically made up of water, clay and a complex mix of chemicals, it supports the drilling process in a variety of ways — from lubricating and cooling the drill bit under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions, to lifting drill cuttings to the surface, to maintaining oil well stability and safety. But drilling fluid is not a “one size fits all” solution. To work properly, the fluid must be optimized for the unique geographic conditions of individual well sites.
An Oklahoma refinery recently required a flow measurement solution for a finished gasoline and diesel fuel line leaving the refinery site. They were already using a Siemens clamp-on check meter and interface detector elsewhere and hoped to install the same product on the fuel line. However, the local Siemens representative determined that there would not be enough straight run of pipe to support a clamp-on meter, and the refinery decided that they would need to bring the pipe above ground.
In the oil and gas industry, regulations and requirements to measure, monitor and report flared gases continue to expand and extend. The U.S. EPA continues to focus on enhancing regulations aimed at reducing emissions of methane and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the environment.
An oil refinery in the Southwest United States needed to sample diesel flow during shipment to ensure that the product characteristics were uniform throughout the batch. A local hydrocarbon sampler company provided a pressurized sampler. However, a flowmeter would also be necessary to pace the taking of the diesel sample with the flow.
While the majority of household consumers believe that they deserve the full attention of a water system, from a revenue perspective this does not bear out. Though the average home faucet is undoubtedly valued by its drinking water provider, the reality is that the vast majority of drinking water revenue comes from heavy-use commercial and industrial operations.
The City of St. Cloud, Minnesota, straddles the Mississippi River near the center of the state a little more than 65 miles north of the twin cities of Minneapolis-St. Paul. The city’s forward thinking staff began looking for sustainable green energy solutions in 2003. After planning and initiating a series of projects over several years, the site is today producing renewable energy with a 20 kW rooftop solar array, a 220 kW solar array and biofuels electricity generation.
The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.
An optimized pump and slurry system can make or break a business in the Canadian Oil Sands. Costing up to $100,000 per hour due to lost production, it’s no secret that sites plagued by frequent shutdowns, pump malfunctions, or constant parts replacements struggle to control costs. If you’re struggling with the wear life of your pump’s parts, you may not be operating optimally. Use these tips to boost your efficiency and reduce maintenance costs.
In oil/gas production, refining and storage operations around the globe, flare gas systems are used to burn-off and dispose of waste, excess or off-gases, and as a safety system. The accurate, responsive and reliable measurement of flare gas is essential in order to assure proper operation of the flare gas system, which protects people and equipment from potentially hazardous combustible gas to maintain a safe working environment and to avoid environmental contamination.
Ever since Coriolis flow measurement technology achieved mainstream appeal, industry has been fervently striving to take advantage of its benefits. And while Coriolis is clearly a highly advantageous solution for many crucial flow measurement applications, it is not without flaw.
Refineries are among the major consumers of water that has both process and non-process origins. The average refinery requires 2.5 gallons of water for every gallon of crude oil processed. Depending on the type of crude oil, composition of condensate and treatment processes, the characteristics of refinery wastewater varies widely. The design and operation of modern refinery wastewater treatment plants are challenging and are driven by technology. This article will highlight the most common types of waste streams in a refinery and suitable wastewater treatment strategies.
See how Xylem partnered with WateReuse Colorado and Invintions Winery to create wine using purified recycled water.
At Fluence, we have more than 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of waste-to-energy plants for a wide range of industrial and municipal clients. Our proprietary anaerobic treatment technologies process wastewater and sludge to produce biogas, which can be used to produce electricity and thermal energy, or which can be purified to produce biomethane for injection into the grid.
L'eau Claire upflow filters offer an alternative to conventional water clarifiers for removing suspended solids and colloidal material such as silica. Despite the influent loading, this cost-effective filtration process removes 98% of particulates ≥2 microns without the use of clarifiers, flocculation, sedimentation, dry chemical addition or mixers. Watch the video to see how it works.
A hospital had been pumping their wastewater with a submersible pump for years. But after seeing the benefits of the S&L Above Grade Wet Well Mounted Pump Station, they quickly saw the benefits - easier and safer maintenance, higher efficiency, long pump life, and more. Hear from the operator himself to learn why the hospital now prefers S&L's EVERLAST™ Wet Well Mounted Pump Station.
When it comes to answering questions about whether the oil and gas industry’s wastewater can be safely reused for other purposes, like food crops, livestock, or even drinking water, there are a number of other serious factors to be considered.
Onshore crude oil production has increased in the United States over the past few years. Oil producers, specifically the North Dakota Pipeline Authority and the Bakken Shale field producers are transporting crude oil by rail and train to both the East and West Coast oil refineries. While rail tends to be one of the safer and more efficient ways of transporting crude oil, there is still a risk of a spill. Oil spills are threats to both ground and surface waters, which can ultimately impact drinking water.
Regulators from across the country met in Vermont this week at the Environmental Council of the State’s (ECOS) fall meeting to discuss some of the nation’s most pressing environmental challenges. I joined members of ECOS’ Shale Gas Caucus to discuss an emerging threat imminently impacting oil and gas-producing states: the question of what to do with the massive amount of wastewater produced by the oil and gas industry each year.
Most industries are required to remove contaminants from wastewater systems before discharge to a receiving stream or municipal facility. Depending on the industry, contaminants may be numerous or difficult to treat. Finding the most effective, cost-efficient treatment method is critical for both business and the environment.
Last year was full of twists and turns for the drinking water and wastewater treatment industries. What can 2017’s biggest stories tell us about what’s to come this year?
As the popularity of hydraulic fracturing continues to strain available water supplies, a new technology may be the key to recycling produced water in an affordable way.
In the midst of a global water crisis, industries today too often overlook a river of revenue opportunity: their own wastewater.
There is no doubt that the practice of hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, has completely changed the oil and gas landscape in recent history. There is also no doubt that this is a highly technical process.
A $15 million federal, solar desalination funding program seeks to foster a world where utilities and industrial operations have easier access to fresh water.
Hydraulic fracturing is a hot-button issue, but no matter where you land you should agree that more efficient produced water filters will go a long way in improving the practice.
A new study led by researchers with Colorado School of Mines exposes limitations with the current methods used to detect chemicals in oilfield wastewater and offers solutions to help regulators make better decisions for managing this waste stream.
A new report from the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas (TAMEST) is shedding more light on what we know and don’t know about the potential health and environmental impacts caused by oil and gas development in Texas.
Researchers at MIT have developed a system that uses visible light to treat produced water, a potential economic and environmental savior for the oil and gas industry.
A new report from the Oklahoma Water Resources Board’s Produced Water Working Group indicates that oil and gas companies looking for ways to dispose of large volumes of wastewater should focus on recycling those liquids within the oil and gas fields, and not use it for irrigation or other surface applications where human and environmental exposure is a risk.