Degassing applications in the oil industry are numerous; steam is used in nearly all processes for refining oil. Therefore, water must be treated to prevent scale and pipe pitting through the removal of dissolved ions and dissolved gasses such as oxygen and CO2. Boiler feed water for producing steam must also be free of dissolved CO2 and oxygen; SEPAREL® degassing membranes can remove both gasses in a single compact system.
The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.
An oil refinery in the Southwest United States needed to sample diesel flow during shipment to ensure that the product characteristics were uniform throughout the batch. A local hydrocarbon sampler company provided a pressurized sampler. However, a flowmeter would also be necessary to pace the taking of the diesel sample with the flow.
In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do not exceed law-enforced thresholds. From a plant owner's perspective, it's important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emission data are available. Typical plant continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) are essentially hardware-based.
There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.
Petrogas LLP, one of the world’s largest oil rehabilitation companies, required demineralized water for a new boiler component to its Turkmenistan refinery.
Last year the EPA implemented new regulations entitled “Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases.” The new regulations called for certain facilities emitting 25,000 metric tons or more per year of specified GHG’s to provide an annual report of their actual GHG emissions.
Since the first Coriolis flow sensors were introduced to the marketplace in the 1970s, the technology has evolved considerably. As the installed base for Coriolis grew, the sensors were being called upon to deliver data in environments with increasing levels of complexity. This meant that Coriolis sensors had to adapt and conform to a dizzying array of ever-changing installation requirements, process conditions, communication formats, and configuration parameters. The following article highlights four key advances in Coriolis flow measurement’s journey from the 1970s to today.
The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.
SITRANS FUG1010 portable ultrasonic clamp-on flowmeters used to check and verify the performance of existing metering equipment in a gas pipeline enables gas distribution company to increase operation efficiency by revealing measurement issues and discrepancies. Read the full case study to learn more.
Scientists are developing robots that might someday be able to creep through the pitch-black mines to help prevent spills. A 2015 spill from Colorado’s Gold King Mine unleashed 3 million gallons of water that fouled rivers in three states with toxins.
Whatever the setting, and however contaminated your water, BakerCorp has a solution. That's the message shared by Mehrzad Emanuel (Vice President, Filtration), Doug Herber (Vice President, Water Treatment Technology), and Bruce Lesikar (Director of Engineering) in this video presentation from WEFTEC, where they discuss BakerCorp's electrocoagulation technology and its mobile treatment platform with Water Online Chief Editor Kevin Westerling.
Water from cooling towers attracts and absorbs airborne contaminants on a continuous basis. Typically, 85% of suspended solids in cooling water and hot water loops are smaller than 5 microns. Scientific studies have shown that these small particles (5 microns and less) are the adherent contaminants fouling the water loop and process cooling system.
Founded in 2017, under the consolidation of global water industry leaders Emefcy and RWL Water, Fluence was established with a vision to become the key global provider in decentralized water and wastewater solutions.
As the popularity of hydraulic fracturing continues to strain available water supplies, a new technology may be the key to recycling produced water in an affordable way.
In the midst of a global water crisis, industries today too often overlook a river of revenue opportunity: their own wastewater.
There is no doubt that the practice of hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, has completely changed the oil and gas landscape in recent history. There is also no doubt that this is a highly technical process.
A $15 million federal, solar desalination funding program seeks to foster a world where utilities and industrial operations have easier access to fresh water.
Hydraulic fracturing is a hot-button issue, but no matter where you land you should agree that more efficient produced water filters will go a long way in improving the practice.
A new study led by researchers with Colorado School of Mines exposes limitations with the current methods used to detect chemicals in oilfield wastewater and offers solutions to help regulators make better decisions for managing this waste stream.
A new report from the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas (TAMEST) is shedding more light on what we know and don’t know about the potential health and environmental impacts caused by oil and gas development in Texas.
Researchers at MIT have developed a system that uses visible light to treat produced water, a potential economic and environmental savior for the oil and gas industry.
A new report from the Oklahoma Water Resources Board’s Produced Water Working Group indicates that oil and gas companies looking for ways to dispose of large volumes of wastewater should focus on recycling those liquids within the oil and gas fields, and not use it for irrigation or other surface applications where human and environmental exposure is a risk.
With the change in administration comes a potential paradox for water and wastewater treatment in the oil and gas industry: Will increased production accompanied by decreased regulations call for more treatment technology or less? Either way, the market is poised for change.
As water scarcity continues to be a major, ongoing challenge in the U.S., public and private sector leaders are seeking new insights on sustainable solutions. In this work, they are grappling with challenges on a scale that oil and gas organizations have been confronting for decades now. It’s understandable that stakeholders can get caught up in the tactical side of dealing with water crises — but there is also guidance to be gained by taking a high-level view.
The drop in price of a barrel of oil has had an understandable impact on major projects in the oil and gas industry. Three years ago, with crude trading above $100 a barrel, schedule was the overriding priority. As time delays were equated to lost revenue opportunity, there was less attention paid to the ultimate cost efficiency of a major project.
About 50 percent of the nation’s residents source their fresh water supply from groundwater wells, which have deteriorated throughout the U.S. over the past decade. For shallow wells, severe drought conditions have gradually depleted groundwater levels.
A new generation of electrocoagulation-based water treatment has successfully treated wastewater and effluent from a remote onshore natural gas exploration and production project with over three years of continuous operation. To compound the challenges of treating this wastewater and effluent, the unit was required to operate in an extremely environmentally sensitive environment — a pristine tropical rainforest.