Drilling fluid is critical for successful oil extraction. Typically made up of water, clay and a complex mix of chemicals, it supports the drilling process in a variety of ways — from lubricating and cooling the drill bit under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions, to lifting drill cuttings to the surface, to maintaining oil well stability and safety. But drilling fluid is not a “one size fits all” solution. To work properly, the fluid must be optimized for the unique geographic conditions of individual well sites.
Degassing applications in the oil industry are numerous; steam is used in nearly all processes for refining oil. Therefore, water must be treated to prevent scale and pipe pitting through the removal of dissolved ions and dissolved gasses such as oxygen and CO2. Boiler feed water for producing steam must also be free of dissolved CO2 and oxygen; SEPAREL® degassing membranes can remove both gasses in a single compact system.
Petron Bataan Refinery wanted to expand production to process 180 thousand barrels of crude oil per day while changing its feedstock from Arab Light to less costly heavy and sour crudes.
Petrogas LLP, one of the world’s largest oil rehabilitation companies, required demineralized water for a new boiler component to its Turkmenistan refinery.
The shale-gas boom could make water the most important commodity product of the 21st century.
In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do not exceed law-enforced thresholds. From a plant owner's perspective, it's important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emission data are available. Typical plant continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) are essentially hardware-based.
When first moved from water reservoirs, water contains materials that need to be treated and or removed. All microorganisms, flora and fauna waste, assorted dirt and insects all need to be dealt with before, water is fit for human consumption. It is understood that, water needs to make many detours in its path from raw supplies to the tap. All these detours start at the treatment plant. At the plant water goes though applications that remove contaminants such as suspended solids, bacteria, algae, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese. The final objective is to turn contaminated debris choked water into safe, drinking water.
Refineries are among the major consumers of water that has both process and non-process origins. The average refinery requires 2.5 gallons of water for every gallon of crude oil processed. Depending on the type of crude oil, composition of condensate and treatment processes, the characteristics of refinery wastewater varies widely. The design and operation of modern refinery wastewater treatment plants are challenging and are driven by technology. This article will highlight the most common types of waste streams in a refinery and suitable wastewater treatment strategies.
Orpic (Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company) required a thermal seawater desalination solution as part of its Sohar refinery improvement project to ensure an uninterrupted supply of fresh feed water to for its boilers.
Reliable monitoring and treatment of water in oil refineries is essential for the production of petroleum-based products, including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, heating oil, and byproducts for plastics and a variety of lubricants. There are three process areas within refineries that require large amounts of water: cooling units, desalter units and wastewater treatment
Sabine Pass, a large LNG refinery in the U.S., required a membrane desalination solution to cater to its extensive process water needs in order to produce a large amount of liquefied natural gas for export.
See how Xylem partnered with WateReuse Colorado and Invintions Winery to create wine using purified recycled water.
At Fluence, we have more than 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of waste-to-energy plants for a wide range of industrial and municipal clients. Our proprietary anaerobic treatment technologies process wastewater and sludge to produce biogas, which can be used to produce electricity and thermal energy, or which can be purified to produce biomethane for injection into the grid.
L'eau Claire upflow filters offer an alternative to conventional water clarifiers for removing suspended solids and colloidal material such as silica. Despite the influent loading, this cost-effective filtration process removes 98% of particulates ≥2 microns without the use of clarifiers, flocculation, sedimentation, dry chemical addition or mixers. Watch the video to see how it works.
A hospital had been pumping their wastewater with a submersible pump for years. But after seeing the benefits of the S&L Above Grade Wet Well Mounted Pump Station, they quickly saw the benefits - easier and safer maintenance, higher efficiency, long pump life, and more. Hear from the operator himself to learn why the hospital now prefers S&L's EVERLAST™ Wet Well Mounted Pump Station.
We’re past the midpoint of the Texas legislative session and the bill filing deadline is behind us. Because the legislature only meets for five months every other year, there’s a lot to accomplish in a short span.
Keeping an eye on what happens with domestic oil and gas regulation is a bit like herding cats. We’ve seen encouraging progress on air quality issues related to oil and gas, but an equally critical front that’s seen major action is protection of our land and water resources.
When it comes to answering questions about whether the oil and gas industry’s wastewater can be safely reused for other purposes, like food crops, livestock, or even drinking water, there are a number of other serious factors to be considered.
Onshore crude oil production has increased in the United States over the past few years. Oil producers, specifically the North Dakota Pipeline Authority and the Bakken Shale field producers are transporting crude oil by rail and train to both the East and West Coast oil refineries. While rail tends to be one of the safer and more efficient ways of transporting crude oil, there is still a risk of a spill. Oil spills are threats to both ground and surface waters, which can ultimately impact drinking water.
Regulators from across the country met in Vermont this week at the Environmental Council of the State’s (ECOS) fall meeting to discuss some of the nation’s most pressing environmental challenges. I joined members of ECOS’ Shale Gas Caucus to discuss an emerging threat imminently impacting oil and gas-producing states: the question of what to do with the massive amount of wastewater produced by the oil and gas industry each year.
Most industries are required to remove contaminants from wastewater systems before discharge to a receiving stream or municipal facility. Depending on the industry, contaminants may be numerous or difficult to treat. Finding the most effective, cost-efficient treatment method is critical for both business and the environment.
Last year was full of twists and turns for the drinking water and wastewater treatment industries. What can 2017’s biggest stories tell us about what’s to come this year?
As the popularity of hydraulic fracturing continues to strain available water supplies, a new technology may be the key to recycling produced water in an affordable way.
In the midst of a global water crisis, industries today too often overlook a river of revenue opportunity: their own wastewater.
There is no doubt that the practice of hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, has completely changed the oil and gas landscape in recent history. There is also no doubt that this is a highly technical process.
A $15 million federal, solar desalination funding program seeks to foster a world where utilities and industrial operations have easier access to fresh water.
Hydraulic fracturing is a hot-button issue, but no matter where you land you should agree that more efficient produced water filters will go a long way in improving the practice.
A new study led by researchers with Colorado School of Mines exposes limitations with the current methods used to detect chemicals in oilfield wastewater and offers solutions to help regulators make better decisions for managing this waste stream.
A new report from the Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas (TAMEST) is shedding more light on what we know and don’t know about the potential health and environmental impacts caused by oil and gas development in Texas.