NUTRIENT REMOVAL CASE STUDIES & WHITE PAPERS

Savings Helps MABRs Gain Traction In Municipalities
Savings Helps MABRs Gain Traction In Municipalities

An MABR is essentially a biological wastewater treatment process that utilizes seemingly passive aeration through oxygen-permeable membranes. Oxygen transfer through the MABR membranes is diffusion based: driven by concentration differences such that oxygen passes from air at atmospheric pressure into water at a higher hydrostatic pressure. This oxygen transfer mechanism, wherein air is supplied to the process at very low pressure, is the reason MABRs have significantly lower energy consumption compared to other wastewater treatment processes, such as conventional activated sludge (CAS), that utilize diffusers. This energy savings is one of the key reasons MABRs are gaining traction in the municipal wastewater industry.

  • Optimizing Chemical Dosing Reduces Chemical Use While Meeting Effluent TP Limits
    Optimizing Chemical Dosing Reduces Chemical Use While Meeting Effluent TP Limits

    The city of Black River Falls in Wisconsin used chemical treatment with ferric chloride (FeCl3) to achieve their effluent total phosphorus (TP) permit of 1.0 mg/l. Historically, the chemical dosing rate was manually adjusted on a daily basis based on the measured effluent TP concentration. The plant was upgraded with an OSCAR process performance optimizer control system with phosphorus controller, which uses continuous measurement of orthophosphate. Read the full case study to learn more.

  • Do More With Less: Integrating Nutrient Removal Control Improves Treatment Capacity And Efficiency
    Do More With Less: Integrating Nutrient Removal Control Improves Treatment Capacity And Efficiency

    Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) are facing many challenges. Permits on nitrogen and phosphorus in the effluent water are progressively becoming stricter in order to protect surface waters from eutrophication. At the same time, plants are required to reduce both energy and chemical consumption and are often challenged with limited time and staff. In total, they are required to do more with less. In order to meet these challenges, a plant with a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) in Green Lake, Wisconsin was upgraded with an advanced process control system – the OSCAR process performance optimizer with NURO controller.

  • Efficacy Of Electrocoagulation Technology On Selenium-Contaminated Mine Effluent
    Efficacy Of Electrocoagulation Technology On Selenium-Contaminated Mine Effluent

    This paper helps to understand the efficacy of BakerCorp Electrocoagulation (EC) technology and treatment process in treating selenium-contaminated mine effluent. Two mine effluent samples were treated by Baker EC. Selenium constituent concentrations in both water samples were reduced significantly to below reporting qualification limits. Based on the results of the effluent samples, electrocoagulation is an effective treatment option for waste streams found to contain selenium.

  • Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance
    Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance

    When the Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority (CCMWA) anticipated the need to upgrade the Hugh A. Wyckoff water treatment plant, they turned to granular activated carbon (GAC) technology after vetting several alternatives. The plant, a wholesaler in a two-plant system, processes up to 72 million gallons per day and serves about 350,000 people. Comprising of Wyckoff and the James E. Quarles treatment plant, CCMWA is the second largest water provider in Georgia.

  • A Wastewater Solution With Low Capital Costs
    A Wastewater Solution With Low Capital Costs

    Along the Indian River Lagoon adjacent to Vero Beach, Florida, both residents and government officials were becoming increasingly concerned about excessive nutrient loads and pollution.

  • Polyblend® Mechanical Polymer Activation System Outperforms Hydraulic Polymer Mixing Unit
    Polyblend® Mechanical Polymer Activation System Outperforms Hydraulic Polymer Mixing Unit

    Henry N. Wochholz Regional Water Recycling Facility (WRWRF) consists of primary, advanced biological secondary and tertiary treatment with advanced total nitrogen removal. Always interested in enhanced treatment performance, the staff members recently examined the polymer use of the existing dewatering belt filter presses. 

  • Aerobic Granular Sludge System Reduces Energy Up To 50% When Compared To Conventional Activated Sludge Systems
    Aerobic Granular Sludge System Reduces Energy Up To 50% When Compared To Conventional Activated Sludge Systems

    The AquaNereda® Aerobic Granular Sludge System (AGS) is an innovative biological wastewater treatment technology that provides advanced treatment using the unique features of aerobic granular biomass. This advanced nutrient removal process can reduce footprint up to 75% and energy up to 50% when compared to conventional activated sludge systems.

  • The World’s Largest Drinking Water Plant Using Ozone Serves 1.6 Million Customers
    The World’s Largest Drinking Water Plant Using Ozone Serves 1.6 Million Customers

    Facing new limits on acceptable levels of DBPs in the drinking water, as well as age-old complaints about the taste of the water during the summer algal bloom, the North Texas Municipal Water District turned to ozone disinfection as a possible alternative able to address both concerns.

  • Improving Total Nitrogen Removal
    Improving Total Nitrogen Removal

    To protect the sensitive waters of the Neuse River Basin, the State of North Carolina formally adopted a nutrient management strategy in 1997 which established Total Maximum Daily Loads for all point source contributors of Total Nitrogen (TN) to the Neuse River. By upgrading its oxidation ditches, this Eastern NC plant saw a reduction of 76% TN compared to its average discharge from the past 6 years.

  • ACTIFLO And Hydrotech Discfilter: A Two Stage Process
    ACTIFLO And Hydrotech Discfilter: A Two Stage Process

    The state of Minnesota instituted a new water quality requirement that limits cities along the Minnesota River to a 1 mg/L Total Phosphorus limit by 2015 to prevent algae blooms and resulting pollution problems.

AnoxKaldnes Expertise- Rocky Mountain Region
AnoxKaldnes Expertise- Rocky Mountain Region

The AnoxKaldnes™ MBBR (Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor) process is a biological wastewater treatment process that utilizes specialized plastic carriers to create a surface on which a biofilm can attach.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

OMNIFLO® Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) MAX System OMNIFLO® Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) MAX System

Evoqua's OMNIFLO® SBR MAX system with Jet Tech technology combines the benefits of a true-batch SBR with the benefits of a continuous fill batch reactor process to treat wastewater influent flows to over 5 times design.  The OMNIFLO SBR MAX system optimizes hydraulic handling during storm flows, reduces equipment sizing and cost, and can trim energy costs over 15%!

Aspiral™ Packaged Wastewater Treatment Solution (MABR) Aspiral™ Packaged Wastewater Treatment Solution (MABR)

Aspiral™ is a smart, packaged wastewater treatment solution based on the Membrane Aerated Biofilm Reactor (MABR) technology.

Vorelodos Vorelodos

Often times the biosolids management portion of the treatment plant may not be optimized, resulting in inefficient operation of the entire treatment plant. For instance, did you know that aerobic digestion is the second largest consumer of energy after biological treatment aeration at a wastewater treatment plant? Or, do you realize that up to 50% of the nutrient loading on any given day may be coming from the biosolids process?

OSCAR™ Process Performance Optimizer OSCAR™ Process Performance Optimizer

The benefits of an OSCAR system are clear. The OSCAR control system is a customizable, integrated system comprised of hardware, software, and services. Designed to be used with Sanitaire biological treatment solutions, OSCAR helps plants meet their performance requirements and operating budgets.

TITAN MBR QUBE™ TITAN MBR QUBE™

The TITAN MBR QUBE™ is a complete, factory-built, packaged wastewater treatment system featuring a compact design for simple shipping and mobility. Equipped with the same TITAN MBR™ technology that has made S&L an industry leader in pre-engineered treatment systems, the TITAN MBR QUBE™ provides simple, economical and efficient plug and play treatment in a much smaller footprint than conventional treatment systems. The TITAN MBR QUBE™ is a 40-ft long cube shipping container; delivered directly to the job site, minimal assembly required.

AquaNereda AquaNereda

The AquaNereda® Aerobic Granular Sludge System is an innovative biological wastewater treatment technology that provides advanced treatment using the unique features of aerobic granular biomass. The unique process features of the AquaNereda system translate into a flexible and compact process that offers energy efficiency and significantly lower chemical consumption.

SCOUT Hydro Profiling System SCOUT Hydro Profiling System

The Reliant Water Technologies SCOUT Hydro Profiling System is the answer to obtaining clear and concise shallow water survey data quickly and inexpensively. By not only providing a visual hydrographic ‘picture’ of everything underwater, in any shallow body of water, the SCOUT also provides the volume of sludge in the water body (as well as the volume of free water). The ‘picture’ provided is color enhanced in order to provide clear, definitive delineation of variable depths of sludge, or debris, and includes multi-point water depth over-lays.

CoStrip™: CoStrip™:

Veolia’s patent-pending CoStrip degases raw water by introducing microbubbles of a stripping gas (air, nitrogen or fuel gas) counter-current to the liquid stream. First, the microbubbles are introduced into a series of chambers utilizing eductors. Next, they rise and capture dissolved gases due to the disequilibrium between the microbubble gases and the dissolved gases in the water.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Intensification Concept At Wastewater Plants Explained Intensification Concept At Wastewater Plants Explained

Carollo Engineers, an environmental engineering firm that specializes solely on the planning, design, and construction of water and wastewater facilities has identified five major trends in the industry.

Enhanced Primary Treatment Reduces Energy By Separating BOD Before Aeration Enhanced Primary Treatment Reduces Energy By Separating BOD Before Aeration

At WEFTEC 2016, Evoqua Water Technologies explored six core challenges faced by wastewater treatment plants -- energy reduction, nutrient removal, odor and corrosion control, aging plant equipment, water reuse and disinfection. In this Water Online Radio interview, Paul Rice, Municipal Marketing Director with Evoqua Water Technologies, discusses energy reduction and nutrient removal in more detail.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL VIDEOS

WEDECO PRO<sub>3</sub>MIX Overview WEDECO PRO3MIX Overview

The PRO3MIX bromate control system is an intelligent ozone-based advanced oxidation process (AOP) introduction and reaction system enabling ozone treatment in a compact and intelligent design to mitigate bromate formation even in cases of high level bromide in source water. This short animated overview walks the reader through the various disinfection points of the process.

On-Line Probes For Analyzing Nutrient Removal From Wastewater On-Line Probes For Analyzing Nutrient Removal From Wastewater

WEFTEC 2009 - Bob Dabkowski of Hach discusses a variety of the Company's instruments and on-line probes for analyzing nutrient removal from wastewater.

Superior Effluent Quality With Batch Reactor Technology Superior Effluent Quality With Batch Reactor Technology

Changing effluent demands are a common challenge for wastewater treatment plant operators. The AquaSBR sequencing batch reactor provides an adaptive solution, delivering enhanced biological nutrient removal (EBNR) with flexible design and process control. Watch this video to see a 3D animation of the system’s five-phase operation.

Video: Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) From Headworks BIO Video: Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) From Headworks BIO

The Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) process is typically installed as a retrofit solution for conventional activated sludge systems that are at or beyond capacity.

Continuously Sequencing Reactor: Video Continuously Sequencing Reactor: Video

The Schreiber Continuously Sequencing Reactor, or CSR, is a Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) system contained in a single basin. It produces the three process phases required for BNR — oxic, anoxic and anaerobic — in one basin, performed sequentially and repetitively over time. Watch the video to learn more.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL NEWS

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ABOUT NUTRIENT REMOVAL

 

About Nutrient Removal

Nutrient removal from wastewater consists of treating wastewater to remove nitrogen and phosphorus before it reenters natural waterways. High levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater cause eutrophication, a process where excess nutrients stimulate excessive plant growth such as algal blooms and cyanobacteria. The decomposition of the algae by bacteria uses up the oxygen in the water causing other organisms to die. This creates more organic matter for the bacteria to decompose. In addition, some algal blooms can produce toxins that contaminate drinking water supplies.

As authorized by the Clean Water Act, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program regulates point sources, such as municipal wastewater treatment plants, that discharge pollutants as effluent into the waters of the United States. In recent years, many of the States’ environmental bodies have lowered nutrient limits to arrest eutrophication. Maryland’s effort to protect the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries is perhaps the most notable example of nutrient removal in the US. Nutrient removal continues to be a growing area of focus for wastewater treatment throughout the world.   

The removal of nitrogen and phosphorus require different nutrient removal processes. To remove nitrogen, the nitrogen is oxidized from ammonia to become nitrate through a process called nitrification. This process is then followed by denitrification where the nitrate is reduced to nitrogen gas which is released to the atmosphere and removed from the wastewater.

Nitrification is a two-step aerobic process which typically takes place in aeration tanks. Denitrification requires anoxic conditions to encourage the appropriate biological conditions to form. The activated sludge process is often used to reduce nitrate to nitrogen gas in anoxic or denitrification tanks.

Phosphorus can be removed biologically using polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) which accumulate large quantities of phosphorus within their cells and separate it from treated water. Phosphorus removal can also be achieved by chemical removal. Once removed as sludge, phosphorus may be stored in a land fill. However, many municipalities and treatment facilities are looking to resell the biosolids for use in fertilizer.