The documented performance of ion exchange (IX) resins for treating per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) offers new opportunities for more practical solutions in many applications. IX has demonstrated its ability to reduce both capital and operating costs compared to the conventional granular activated carbon (GAC) treatment approach.
After more than a year of contamination challenges, Flint, MI, is facing an additional threat to its drinking water: lead.
The groundwater that a southern Louisiana water utility supplies to local residents has traditionally carried a high amount of organic material and color. In the past, the organics were oxidized and broken down by chlorination, but this practice had gone out of favor due to production of disinfection by-products (DBPs) such as Trihalomethanes (THMs) and Haloacidic Acids (HAAs).
Ilijan Plant is a combined cycle power plant and at 1,200 MW generating capacity, is the largest power plant in the Philippines. The plant consists of two power blocks, which share a common membrane based Seawater Desalination system for their make-up water requirements. The desalination system gets the water from the Luzon Sea and has a total installed capacity of 3.8 MGD
With the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) now requiring arsenic levels of 10 ppb for drinking water, reducing high levels of arsenic in one of its community’s water supply had been a challenge for Eureka County. Find out how a community, who once searched for silver, hunted down a way to remove high levels of arsenic from its drinking water.
Foam contaminants at levels above the U.S. EPA guidelines have been found in the wells of residents living on Whidbey Island, WA. The Navy so far has tested over 170 island wells, citing some of them as off limits. In response, the Navy has been handing out bottled water as they expand their testing.
Learn how the Spectroquant Prove allows you to evaluate your data on the instrument itself or export it for further analysis.
Well water from several locations in Ridgecrest, California area is high in arsenic, carbonates and pH. Due to the high levels of arsenic, some wells are not being used to supply municipal water to the city of Ridgecrest and were shutdown. Due to local demand, the feasibility of treating these wells to remove most of the arsenic before blending with water from other wells is being investigated.
Prolagos, a subsidiary of Aegea Group, is responsible for providing water and sewerage services to five municipalities in Região dos Lagos, Rio de Janeiro. Prolagos manages a total water network encompassing 2,000 kilometers of distribution pipelines and accommodates for variable seasonal fluctuations ranging from 400,000 to almost 2 million inhabitants at the peak of the tourist season.
When water treatment plant (WTP) instrument readings impact regulatory compliance, any discrepancy between laboratory and inline instrument readings can be disconcerting. Fortunately, improved sensor technologies and Mobile Sensor Management capabilities can enhance operator confidence in managing the significance of those readings throughout WTP processes.
With the proliferation of sensors, data collection, and cloud storage, there is the potential for operational insight heretofore never available, and the opportunity will only expand as the technology evolves and the Internet of Things becomes, well, more of a thing. But data is only truly useful if it informs decision-making that results in positive impact — for an organization's bottom line, its personnel, its customers, or even the world at large (i.e., the environment).
Americans consume more than 9.1 billion gallons of bottled water annually - an average of twenty nine gallons per person every year.
Gas control is an important concern in the beverage industry. Oxygen in the water can oxidize flavor components and shorten the shelf life of the product. Carbon dioxide can also have an impact on taste and pH of the product.
Semiconductor manufacturers increasingly want precise control of O2 and N2 concentrations in ultrapure water. Specifically, the polishing loop of a semiconductor plant needs to control dissolved O2 to low levels of 1 ppb or 5 ppb while simultaneously controlling the dissolved N2 between 8–12 ppm.
A static headspace method was developed using Teledyne Tekmar automated headspace vial samplers to meet the method requirements of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau of the US Department of the Treasury (TTB) method SSD: TM:2001 for testing fusel alcohols in alcoholic beverages.
QuEChERS is a Quick-Easy-Cheap-Effective-Rugged-Safe extraction method that has been developed for the determination of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities.
Though they all must support routing functionality, some devices do it better than others.
Routing consumes more energy, so the lifetime of the battery will be affected. Therefore, a device with a battery that is inexpensive, has a long lifetime, and is easy to change would be ideal. With all this considered, a WirelessHART temperature transmitter is a suitable option to operate as a repeater.
Water quality test strips have been around for decades. They are usually constructed from a porous media, including different types of paper, and undergo a color change when dipped into water containing the analyte of interest. These test strips have seen application in swimming pools, aquariums, hot tubs, remediation sites, and other commercial/environmental areas.
In a number of water, wastewater and industrial process applications, pH is one of the most critical and highly sensitive analytical measurements. Examples of critical pH applications include: Reverse Osmosis (RO) systems in which a controlled feed of caustic solution is typically added to the feed stream in order to convert a portion of dissolved carbon dioxide into bicarbonate precipitate allowing for removal by the RO membrane. By Rafik H. Bishara, Steve Jacobs, and Dan Bell
In the early days of variable frequency drive (VFD) technology, the typical application was in process control for manufacturing synthetic fiber, steel bars, and aluminum foil.
Ammonia removal is a key metric for assessing wastewater treatment facility performance. This is because ammonia contributes to aquatic life toxicity. Furthermore, nitrogen, along with phosphorus, is a driver of receiving water eutrophication. Eutrophication, which simply is an over-enrichment of nutrients, can be detrimental to environmental and public health. It can result in harmful algae blooms, dissolved oxygen depletion, fish kills, and other damaging impacts.
A seawater treatment plant was designed as one of the solutions to the recent water scarcity problems. Fresh and drinkable water isn’t easy to find in some places. As the world’s population grows and industrial production increases, even the largest of the world’s freshwater sources can eventually become strained. Therefore, desalination is meant to expand our sources of water across the world.
In water and wastewater treatment, chemistry is king. Treatment options are evaluated depending on the quality of water to be treated and the treatment application. Treatment systems including AOP systems, are designed to specifically target certain contaminants and remove or reduce them from the water. This takes places through the power of chemical reactions. Even biological treatments involve chemistry at their core.
A Q&A with scientist Jeff Urban, who explains forward osmosis and how Berkeley Lab is pushing the frontiers of this emerging technology
In February 2019, De Nora announced the acquisition of MIOX® Corporation, an Albuquerque-based electrochemical expert. Five months later, Bryan Brownlie, Managing Director – De Nora Water Technologies Texas LLC, answers some of the key questions we have been asked about the rationale for the acquisition and the changes that have happened since.
Advanced oxidation is a rather complex wastewater treatment process. The general concept of how the process works can be difficult to grasp at first, and the number of possible oxidation methods can seem daunting. Therefore, you turn to the internet for information, and try to analyze together all the information you find using various online resources. However, everything doesn’t always fit right, and you come up with ideas that may not be quite true.
Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.
There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.
The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.
The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.
During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.
Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.