DRINKING WATER FILTRATION CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Bringing An END™ To RO Brine And Difficult Brackish Water Treatment
Bringing An END™ To RO Brine And Difficult Brackish Water Treatment

Access to clean, safe, fresh water is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. By some estimates over 1.5 billion people face water scarcity issues that directly threaten their health or economic welfare on a daily basis. More concerning, the impacts of climate change and global population growth are expected to exacerbate these issues to impact over 2.3 billion people by the year 2050. These sobering facts are why six of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are focused on providing access to clean, safe water. Part of solving this challenge is reducing industrial water consumption to conserve water resources.

  • Desalinating Brackish Groundwater Eases Water Shortage
    Desalinating Brackish Groundwater Eases Water Shortage

    The city of Limassol in Cyprus was experiencing an increasingly severe water shortage, with the growing population and expanding tourist industry placing extra pressure on existing supply. An aquifer in a residential neighborhood was seen as a potential water source, but had high levels of salts and nitrates. The Cyprus Water Development Department (WDD) awarded Fluence a Build-Own-Transfer (BOT) contract to implement a cost-effective solution.

  • Addressing Fouling Challenges In Water Treatment With RO Membrane
    Addressing Fouling Challenges In Water Treatment With RO Membrane

    Reverse osmosis (RO) membranes are widely used in potable water, wastewater, and industrial applications. However, a major issue in the application of RO membrane technology for desalination and wastewater reclamation is membrane fouling. It limits operating flux, decreases water production, and increases power consumption. Membrane fouling also increases the need for RO plants to perform periodical membrane CIP procedure. These problems decrease process efficiency, increase operation cost, and raise environmental issues related to the CIP solutions disposal.

  • Harmful Algae: How To Stay Ahead Of The Bloom
    Harmful Algae: How To Stay Ahead Of The Bloom

    It’s the call no water treatment plant superintendent wants to receive, especially not while on vacation. Andy McClure, Superintendent of Toledo, Ohio’s Collins Park Water Treatment Plant, answered his phone to hear his head of operations report that the level of microcystin in the finished water was high, caused by a large harmful algal bloom (HAB) that was impacting the plant’s Lake Erie intake.

  • Treatment Plant Upgrade Eases Operations And Increases Safety
    Treatment Plant Upgrade Eases Operations And Increases Safety

    Now in operation for well over two years in the Malambo, Colombia, the Microclor® system has proven itself in terms of reliability and safety. According to management, the clear, vertically-oriented cells and the system’s open architecture allow for easy inspection and simplify any minor maintenance that might be required.

  • Membrane Module Pilot Test In North Dakota
    Membrane Module Pilot Test In North Dakota

    Toray UF membrane modules were piloted over a fifteen-week period to help service the growing demand for clean water in southwest North Dakota. The outcome, as part of the Southwest Pipeline Project (SWPP), would be construction of the Oliver-Mercer-North Dunn (OMND) Water Treatment Plant.

  • Integrated Membrane Facility In The City Of Delaware, Ohio
    Integrated Membrane Facility In The City Of Delaware, Ohio

    To better comply with the Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (LT2) the City of Delaware (Ohio) piloted Torayfil hollow-fiber PVDF membrane modules to treat surface water for their 7.2 mgd full-scale facility. After significant review of the data, cost, and other factors, the City and URS selected Toray to utilize in the full scale design. Read the full case study to learn more.

  • Ecomuseum Zoo: High Efficiency Filtration Reduces Turbidity & Maintenance Costs
    Ecomuseum Zoo: High Efficiency Filtration Reduces Turbidity & Maintenance Costs

    ​The Ecomuseum Zoo is home to the most impressive ambassadors of Quebec’s wildlife. All residents of the Ecomuseum Zoo are there for a special reason: orphaned, injured or born under professional human care, each of them could not return to the wild. Hence, they have found a forever home at the zoo.

  • Bubble Removal From Aqueous Streams Using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors
    Bubble Removal From Aqueous Streams Using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors

    Many manufacturing processes, analytical measurements, and other industrial processes that involve aqueous solutions are adversely affected by bubbles in the fluid stream. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors provide a very simple, cost effective solution to help eliminate bubbles from such processes.

  • Degassing Boiler Feed Water in China with 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors
    Degassing Boiler Feed Water in China with 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors

    ShenLan Environment Inc. located in Shanghai, China uses 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors in their boiler feed water treatment systems. These systems realize lower operating costs with the added benefit of reducing the chemicals added to the boiler feed water.

Using ‘TransMembraneChemiSorption’ (TMCS) For Ammonia Removal From Industrial Waste Waters
Using ‘TransMembraneChemiSorption’ (TMCS) For Ammonia Removal From Industrial Waste Waters

Dissolved gases like NH3, H2S or NOx in waste water lead to contamination in the sewage system and high treatment costs for municipal waste water treatment plants. 

More Case Studies and White Papers

DRINKING WATER FILTRATION PRODUCTS

Xylem’s Leopold Oxelia™ for Drinking Water Applications Xylem’s Leopold Oxelia™ for Drinking Water Applications

Biological and chemical contamination in drinking water poses a significant public health risk and plant operators require a treatment system that allows them to produce a safe and reliable supply of clear, good-tasting and biologically-stable finished water with the lowest concentrations of non-desired substances.

Arkal Super Galaxy Self-Cleaning Disc Filter Arkal Super Galaxy Self-Cleaning Disc Filter

The Arkal Super Galaxy is a high-flow rate, self-cleaning, automatic disc filter. It is practical for water and wastewater treatment plants, central water systems for irrigation, large cooling tower power plants, ballast water, and saltwater, as it handles desalination. In addition, it controls algae and reduces hydraulic filtration degrees to less than 20 microns. Its vertical and horizontal installation options accommodate all space issues.

Tube Settlers Tube Settlers

Need to speed up your settling process? Brentwood tube settlers can help you do that while also improving overall plant efficiency for potable water and wastewater applications. By expanding settling capacity, Brentwood tube settlers increase flow rates and improve effluent water quality. They also save you money on operating costs by reducing the frequency of filter backwashing.

Don’t pay double for steel. Go blue!

EnviQ™ Submerged Ultrafiltration Membrane EnviQ™ Submerged Ultrafiltration Membrane

QUA’s EnviQ™ flat sheet submerged ultrafiltration membranes have been specially developed to improve the ease of operation and maintenance of MBR facilities. EnviQ’s innovative design offers ultrafiltration quality product water with a stronger and more rugged PVDF flat sheet membrane. The unique features in EnviQ consist of reverse diffusion and specially designed air diffusers, which maximize scrubbing efficiency, lowers pressure and reduces cleaning.

Filtration: Plastic Filter Series Filtration: Plastic Filter Series
All-purpose plastic filters from 3/4" to 3", for flow rates up to 220 gpm
SuperSettler™ Featuring The ZICKERT Shark™ SuperSettler™ Featuring The ZICKERT Shark™
The efficient design of the SuperSettler™ Lamella Plate Clarifier utilizes lamella plates and shallow depth sedimentation to minimize the clarifier footprint.
Filtration: Secondary Sewage Filtration - Electromedia® IV Filtration: Secondary Sewage Filtration - Electromedia® IV
Electromedia IV filters properly treated secondary effluent waters containing suspended and settleable solids in the order of 50 p.p.m
Leopold FilterWorx® Automatic Control System by Xylem Leopold FilterWorx® Automatic Control System by Xylem

The FilterWorx® Automatic Control System by Leopold is a complete filter control package consisting of all instrumentation and control equipment for the automatic monitoring and control of municipal water filtration systems.

More Products

DRINKING WATER FILTRATION PODCASTS

Ozonia M and FiltraFast Provide New Options For Treatment Facilities Ozonia M and FiltraFast Provide New Options For Treatment Facilities

If you don’t need the performance of an ultrafiltration membrane but also want to avoid the large footprint of a conventional media filter, you might want to consider FiltraFast extreme rate compressible media filters. As Ryan Hess, Director of Advanced Separation with SUEZ Water Technologies suggests in this Water Talk interview, “They provide roughly ten times the hydraulic loading rate of conventional media filters.”

Water Quality Comes Under The Consumer Microscope Water Quality Comes Under The Consumer Microscope

Water quality is getting a lot more scrutiny these days. And that’s a good thing says Russ Swerdfeger, Global Director of Memcor Product Management with Evoqua. Alongside his colleague Daryl Weatherup, Director of Marketing with Evoqua, Swerdfeger recently discussed the future of drinking water and the key issues and concerns facing the water industry right now with Water Talk.

Treatment Alternatives For PFCs Treatment Alternatives For PFCs

Over the past two years, no groundwater issue has perhaps received as much community focus and attention as polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances like PFOA and PFOS, often referred to as perflourinated compounds (PFCs). The U.S. EPA issued a health advisory, limiting the amount of these compounds to 70 parts/trillion which kicked off a nationwide evaluation of local water sources.

De Nora Doubles Down On Innovation De Nora Doubles Down On Innovation

With 29 locations, 1,600 employees and research facilities in Japan, Italy and the United States, DeNora is one of the largest disinfection and filtration companies in the world. As Gary Lohse, Regional Sales Manager for De Nora, explains in this Water Online Radio interview, the acquisition of the former Severn Trent manufacturing division coupled with De Nora’s product innovation strength is driving enhancements to some of the most respected brands in the water industry.

Selecting The Right Membrane For The Job Selecting The Right Membrane For The Job

In this Water Online Radio exclusive interview, Fred Wiesler, Global Director of Sales for the QUA Group, discusses some of the company’s key products, including the EnviQ that uses a flat sheet PVDF membrane, and has a .04-micron pore size. It provides ultrafiltration quality water, with the strength of a PVDF flat sheet membrane.

High Flux Rates Reduce Energy Footprint Of Membrane Filtration High Flux Rates Reduce Energy Footprint Of Membrane Filtration

PPG Industries has spent the last four years developing and field testing a membrane-based filtration technology that has arrived in the market as both a flat sheet and a spiral on filter cartridge.

More Drinking Water Filtration Podcasts

DRINKING WATER FILTRATION VIDEOS

MRI Inclined Plate Settler System Video - Treating More Water in Less Space MRI Inclined Plate Settler System Video - Treating More Water in Less Space

This video provides a detailed explanation of the process and benefits of the MRI Inclined Plate Settler System over conventional settling methods. MRI’s Inclined Plate Settlers and Hoseless Cable-Vac Sludge Collectors combine in this system to provide a reduced footprint, cost savings, zero energy usage, and superior efficiency and effluent quality.  

How To Assemble A Brentwood Tube Settler Module How To Assemble A Brentwood Tube Settler Module

This video was developed to aid in the assembly of a Brentwood Tube Settler Module. Visit our website if you have questions or would like to learn more about other Brentwood water & wastewater products.

The CoMag® System For Enhanced Primary And Tertiary Treatment The CoMag® System For Enhanced Primary And Tertiary Treatment

The innovative CoMag System from Evoqua infuses magnetite into chemical floc to make it heavier, significantly improving clarifier performance. This video explains how the CoMag® System works and how it can be used to increase capacity, enhance clarifier performance and achieve total phosphorous of 0.05 mg/L.

More Videos

DRINKING WATER FILTRATION SUPPLIERS

  • Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc.
    Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc.

    Since 1969, Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc. has been a leader in the design and manufacture of wastewater treatment equipment and systems for both municipal and industrial markets, worldwide.

  • WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC
    WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC

    WRT provides effective processes for removing radium, uranium and other contaminants from water. Our complete package of services includes process equipment, proprietary treatment media, safe exchange of media, and proper handling and disposal of used media

  • Filtronics, Inc.
    Filtronics, Inc.

    Filtronics has manufactured water and waste water treatment systems for industrial and municipal applications since 1974

  • SUEZ
    SUEZ

    Water Treatment Equipment |Wastewater Treatment Equipment |Sludge Management Equipment

  • Ovivo
    Ovivo

    Ovivo brings together more than 200 years of collected experience, process expertise and proven technologies; but that doesn’t mean that we’re complacent. Over past centuries of growth, development and refinement we have been guided by the principle of delivering value to our clients. Our equipment and technologies already have a reputation for long-term durability and reliability, offering decades of use and leading to lasting relationships with key customers.

  • AdEdge Water Technologies, LLC.
    AdEdge Water Technologies, LLC.

    AdEdge Technologies, Inc specializes in the development and supply of innovative technologies, adsorbent-based products, and systems that remove contaminants from process or aqueous steams. We are an organization based on solid deliverable, scalable, scientifically proven technology and experience for the removal of arsenic and other contaminants from water

  • Amiad Water Systems
    Amiad Water Systems

    Amiad Water Systems is a world leader in water filtration equipment and treatment solutions.

    For over 50 years Amiad has been committed to developing a comprehensive line of robust water filtration equipment and integrated treatment packages for water applications in the industrial, municipal (potable and wastewater), oil and gas, commercial HVAC, ballast water, agriculture, irrigation, and aquaculture markets. Our filters are in use in over 70 countries around the world. Every Amiad system is built for efficiency, effectiveness and reliability and is backed by our commitment to excellence and dedication to customer service.

  • 3M Separation and Purification Sciences Division
    3M Separation and Purification Sciences Division

    3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.

  • Shelco Filters
    Shelco Filters

    Manufacture of filter housings and elements|Pleated membrane and high efficiency cartridges|Bag housings and bags

  • Leopold -- A Xylem Brand
    Leopold -- A Xylem Brand

    Leopold Universal Type S and SL Underdrain|Leopold IMS Cap|Leopold DAF - Dissolved Air Flotation|Leopold Clari-Trac (CT2) Submerged Sludge Collector|Leopold Clari-Vac Floating Sludge Collector|Leopold Engineered Filter Media Products|Leopold Instruments And Controls| Leopold Ultrafiltration Membrane Systems

  • QUA Group LLC
    QUA Group LLC

    QUA® is a leading-edge developer and manufacturer of advanced membrane products, which includes fractional electrodeionization (FEDI) and hollow fiber ultrafiltration module (Q-SEP). These are engineered with innovative technologies, which are used to treat challenging waters. QUA is leveraging its deep roots in R&D, the expertise of staff that is highly experienced in water treatment technologies, and its significant financial resources to become a global technology leader in the development of products for water and wastewater treatment applications.

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • De Nora
    De Nora

    De Nora Water Technologies is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • Veolia Water Technologies
    Veolia Water Technologies

    Veolia Water Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.

  • Aquatech International Corporation
    Aquatech International Corporation For over 2 decades, Aquatech has provided industry worldwide with proven water and wastewater treatment systems|We strive to enable our customers to maximize efficiency by concentrating on their core businesses while we provide the leadership and expertise necessary in water treatment|Our mission is to utilize innovation and performance excellence to drive toward the ultimate goal--a lower overall life cycle cost of treatment

ABOUT DRINKING WATER FILTRATION

 

Water treatment filtration involves the removal of suspended particles from water by passing the water through a filtration medium. As the water passes through the filter, floc, minerals, microorganisms and other impurities get stuck in the filter and are removed from the filtered water. Passage can be blocked by physical obstruction, biological action, adsorption, absorption or a combination of ways. Filtration is usually the final step in the solids removal process during water treatment which typically begins with coagulation and advances through flocculation and sedimentation.  

Unfiltered or turbid water is difficult to disinfect because microorganisms growing on suspended particles are often harder to kill than when they are separated from the particles. Turbidity can also cause unwanted taste and odor issues in the potable water supply. Drinking water filtration is also used to remove microorganisms that are resistant to traditional methods of disinfection such as chlorination. By requiring a low turbidity in finished water, water treatment plants are ensuring that few or no microorganisms such as Giardia are present in finished drinking water.

There are three typical methods of clean water filtration used during the water treatment process. Conventional filtration follows coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation and precedes disinfection. Direct Filtration follows coagulation and flocculation when there is no sedimentation step. The final method called In-Line Filtration takes place without flocculation or sedimentation. A coagulant chemical is added to the water just before filtration and coagulation occurs in the filter. 

 There are many types of filter media being used in today’s water treatment industry.