CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System
Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System

Hendersonville Utility District (HUD) serves one of the most populous suburbs of Nashville, Tennessee.

  • City Of Springfield, MO, Upgrades Disinfection System From Gas Chlorine To On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation
    City Of Springfield, MO, Upgrades Disinfection System From Gas Chlorine To On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

    In April 2013, City Utilities started up three Microclor Model MC‐1500 skid systems, each rated at 1,500 pounds per day of free available chlorine.

  • Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)
    Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)

    New York City is home to more than 8 million people, making it the most populous city in the United States. The majority of New York's drinking water is supplied by the Catskill/Delaware watershed, located approximately 100 miles outside the city. Historically, NYC has not filtered the water from this system, nor did they require any additional barriers to microbial contaminants due to the pristine nature of the watershed.

  • Treatment of Groundwater Contaminated With 1,4-Dioxane - Tucson, Arizona (Case Study)
    Treatment of Groundwater Contaminated With 1,4-Dioxane - Tucson, Arizona (Case Study)

    The TrojanUVPhox™ installation at Tucson's Advanced Oxidation Process Water Treatment Facility treats 1,4-dioxane and produces water that is blended and then treated at the neighboring Tucson Airport Remediation Project facility. This purified water is supplied to nearly 50,000 end users.

  • Direct Filtration Of Spring Water

    The Franklin Water Treatment Plant, near the Utah/Idaho state border, serves approximately 600 residents. Traditionally, water was drawn from springs and chlorinated.

  • Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone-Enhanced Biofiltration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward
    Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone-Enhanced Biofiltration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward

    Water professionals are seeking innovative approaches to address water supply challenges associated with population growth, drought, and environmental protection.

  • Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer
    Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer

    For drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs), the EPA’s Disinfection Byproduct Rule (DBP) is a way of life. Unfortunately, for many facilities the equipment and operations haven’t evolved with the regulation mandates, leaving facilities in a tough spot. For a DWTP in Douglas County, KS, its challenges with accurate TOC measurement and testing, along with expensive calibrations and extended downtime with its prior TOC analyzer led it to trialing the Hach QbD1200 TOC Analyzer. Read the full case study to learn more.

  • City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System
    City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System

    With 100 years of service history, Austin Water has seen enormous change in its 540 square miles of service area. Planning for the next 100 years has city and utility planners considering a diversity of sources, system resilience, and sustainability while being mindful of conservation goals. In the city’s newest water treatment plant, WTP4, Austin Water was able to combine those planning elements into a state‐of‐the‐art treatment plant. The plant, which is located on Lake Travis, is capable of treating 50 million gallons a day (MGD) with the ability to expand to 300 MGD.

  • Hydro-Guard® Improves Water Quality And Saves Man-Hours For Central Texas Vacation Community
    Hydro-Guard® Improves Water Quality And Saves Man-Hours For Central Texas Vacation Community

    The user population of a Central Texas resort system does not reach its peak until summer and the resultant levels of peak and low usage vary widely. This fluctuation impacts levels of disinfectant residual and, consequently, water quality — especially at the end of the line. Manual flushing of the utility's hydrants to maintain water quality has resulted in excessive time and labor as workers must access the outlying areas.

  • Taste and Odor Treatment with UV-Oxidation - Mississauga, Ontario (Case Study)
    Taste and Odor Treatment with UV-Oxidation - Mississauga, Ontario (Case Study)

    The Region of Peel is the second-largest Canadian municipality after the city of Toronto, and draws its drinking water from Lake Ontario — the smallest of the five Great Lakes. To meet the projected population increase from 1,160,000 people currently to an estimated 1,571,000 people in 2031, the Region decided to upgrade and expand its water treatment plant. To deal with seasonal taste and odor compounds produced by algae blooms in Lake Ontario, the membrane plant will be equipped with a Trojan UV-Oxidation system.

  • General Electrochemistry
    General Electrochemistry

    All chemical processes involve the loss, gain, or redistribution of electrons on an atom or group of atoms. Electricity is the movement of electrons along a conductor. It is no wonder then that chemical changes can be made to occur by passing an electric current through a solution containing atoms or groups of atoms which will accept or give up electrons. Processes which pass an electrical current through a solution to effect chemical changes are called electrochemical processes. By PEPCON Systems

  • Performance Of A Conventional Surface Water Plant Using Mixed-Oxidants For Microflocculation And Final Disinfection
    Performance Of A Conventional Surface Water Plant Using Mixed-Oxidants For Microflocculation And Final Disinfection

    The surface water source is from snow-melt and summer thunderstorm run-off from the mountains. This water is detained in McClure Reservoir (7876 ft elevation) and Nichols Reservoir (7483 ft elevation) upstream from the CRWTP, a conventional plant built in 1974 with a design capacity of 8 MGD. Because the City has limited surface water rights, and due to decreased demand, the treatment plant usually shuts down for 60 to 90 days during winter. The reservoirs thaw in spring and turn over in autumn, and during the summer rainy season, raw water turbidities may exceed 5 NTU. By MIOX Corporation

  • Case Study: Newport News Uses Emerson Ozone Instrumentation For Safe, Effective Disinfection
    Case Study: Newport News Uses Emerson Ozone Instrumentation For Safe, Effective Disinfection

    Maintaining the quality of the water supply is the top priority for municipal drinking water treatment plants across the country. Water plants use several treatment processes to ensure water quality and safety, and these treatment steps include disinfection. Traditionally, chlorine is used in both primary and secondary disinfection treatments and has been used since 1908. Some water plants are moving to ozone for primary disinfection. One water utility that is taking this direction is Newport News Waterworks. 

Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance
Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance

When the Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority (CCMWA) anticipated the need to upgrade the Hugh A. Wyckoff water treatment plant, they turned to granular activated carbon (GAC) technology after vetting several alternatives. The plant, a wholesaler in a two-plant system, processes up to 72 million gallons per day and serves about 350,000 people. Comprising of Wyckoff and the James E. Quarles treatment plant, CCMWA is the second largest water provider in Georgia.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PRODUCTS

UAT™ Membrane Filtration Systems UAT™ Membrane Filtration Systems

UAT™ Pure Pro seawater desalination membrane filtration systems from De Nora Water Technologies are ideal for offshore oil and gas applications. The standard output capacities range from 2,000 GPD to 26,000 GPD (7,570 LPD to 98,410 LPD) and effectively produce fresh treated potable water, free of particulate matter or contaminants from a seawater source. Higher output capacities and custom configurations are available on a project to project basis.

UV Package Plant UV Package Plant

Calgon Carbon UV Technologies is pleased to introduce the C3500D/PS Packaged System for UV Wastewater Disinfection. This product uniquely addresses the needs of smaller communities with effluent flows of less than 2.6 million gallons a day.

ClorTec® DN On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generators ClorTec® DN On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generators

The latest generation of brine electrochlorination technology, the ClorTec DN range, offers simple operation and maintenance as well as unrivalled safety advantages.

LuminUltra Water (QGA) LuminUltra Water (QGA)

Using a single analysis, LuminUltra Water (QGA) provides a rapid and interference — free determination of total microbiological concentration in any filterable water sample with a wide detection range. Use this test kit to perform source-to-tap surveys and characterize complete systems, identify areas of concern, and validate corrective action — all in the same shift!

Capital Controls® Gas Feeder Series WM4000 Capital Controls® Gas Feeder Series WM4000

Capital Controls Series WM4000 gas feeders are wall cabinet mounted vacuum operated and designed to conveniently house a combination of gas feed equipment. The fibreglass cabinets enclose the gas flow control components.

WEDECO LBX e Series UV System WEDECO LBX e Series UV System

WEDECO LBX e UV system is a compact closed vessel UV reactor for drinking water, wastewater, water reuse, and WEDEO’s MiPRO Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP) applications. Equipped with WEDECO’s low-pressure, high output amalgam ECORAY® UV lamps and OptiDose sensor based control, the LBXe provides the highest operating efficiency with low life-cycle costs. Additionally, the LBXe reactor’s extensive validation envelope ensures disinfection performance over a range of UV transmittance (UVT) values, flowrates, and a variety of target organisms.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PODCASTS

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection

Dan Shaver, Business Development Manager at Aquionics, talks about the advantages of UV-LED technology for disinfection: low energy requirements, chemical-free and customizable design, and proficiency in solar or battery-powered applications.

Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle

Advanced treatment solutions continue to evolve as 1,4-Dioxin, N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) removal and Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) appear on the regulatory horizon. Many times, advanced treatment requires combinations of different products in the treatment process.

LA Story: Advanced Treatment, Reuse Saves Scarce Water Resources LA Story: Advanced Treatment, Reuse Saves Scarce Water Resources

Officials in Los Angeles have grown tired of importing water, which is an expensive, unsustainable response to the region's persistent drought. The smarter solution, they concluded, is to reuse local resources through advanced purification and aquifer recharge. But how do you ensure safety and efficiency before committing to a treatment technology? A unique piloting tool from Xylem’s Wedeco brand offered the city clear answers.

Peristaltic Vs. Diaphragm Pumps Peristaltic Vs. Diaphragm Pumps

Bill McDowell of Blue-White Industries, a supplier of chemical metering pumps and flow meters, recently sat down with Water Online Radio and explained the difference between peristaltic pumps and diaphragm pumps.

Drumming Up Chemical Injection Drumming Up Chemical Injection

The operating ranges for chemical injection need to be large because of the variability of flow in many treatment operations. As Bill McDowell, Vice President of Operations with Blue White Industries explains in this Water Talk interview, “You might be down to as low as 5 or 10 milliliters a minute and then one hour later; you might need to pump 15 gallons a minute out of the same pump and through the same sensor.”

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION VIDEOS

Kupferle Foundry - #9800i-GENESIS Turbine Powered Automatic Flushing Device With Chlorine Analyzer

The Eclipse i-Series model #9800i-GENESIS is the newest Intelligent Flushing & Monitoring Station Kupferle offers to maintain safe residual levels and remove DBPs from consumers' water. This permanently installed station incorporates a built-in chlorine analyzer to measure and record disinfectant residual levels based on a programmed sampling schedule.

RIO Zuni Installation & Start Up Video RIO Zuni Installation & Start Up Video

The RIO Zuni produces Mixed Oxidant Solution (MOS) through a patented electrolysis process by MIOX using salt, water and electricity. MOS is a non-hazardous chemical that is proven more effective at microorganism inactivation.

Salsnes Delivers Fully Automated, Compact Filter Technology

Jorn Eliassen of Salsnes Filter, now part of TrojanUV, provides a detailed description of the company’s flagship product, which is presented as a low-cost option to a conventional primary clarifier. The system offers separation, thickening, and dewatering in one unit, features a small footprint, and is suitable for a variety of applications.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION SUPPLIERS

  • Lonza
    Lonza

    Lonza Microbial Control produces the new generation Constant Chlor® Plus calcium hypochlorite briquette feed systems that provide increased capacity and accuracy that exceeds its first generation system, plus new capabilities and features that further enhance operation, maintenance and safety.

  • Calgon Carbon Corporation
    Calgon Carbon Corporation

    Calgon Carbon Corporation (NYSE:CCC), and its European operation Chemviron Carbon, is a global manufacturer and supplier of granular activated carbon, innovative treatment systems, value added technologies and services for optimizing production processes and safely purifying the environment

  • JCS Industries Inc.
    JCS Industries Inc.

    JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.

  • 3M Separation and Purification Sciences Division
    3M Separation and Purification Sciences Division

    3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.

  • MIOX Corporation
    MIOX Corporation

    With a history of scientific innovation, MIOX Corporation began manufacturing on-site generators in 1994. Now with more than 1,700 installations in hundreds of U.S. communities and over 30 countries, MIOX is employed in many markets and applications including potable water, wastewater and reuse, commercial swimming pools, on board military and cruise ships, cooling towers, the beverage industry, oil and gas water treatment, and other commercial and industrial applications.

  • PEPCON Systems
    PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
  • Pinnacle Ozone
    Pinnacle Ozone

    Pinnacle Ozone is the manufacturer and world class integrator of rugged & compact, energy efficient industrial ozone systems. Our Pinnacle systems are used in a diverse array of industrial, commercial and municipal water application areas where treatment requires compact size, system mobility, high efficiency, wide operational pressure, and complex system integration solutions and services.

  • De Nora
    De Nora

    De Nora Water Technologies is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • TrojanUV
    TrojanUV

    TrojanUV specializes in the design, manufacture and sale of pressurized and open-channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems for municipal wastewater, municipal drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment applications. We are proud to have the largest installed base of UV systems in the world and are committed to reducing water stress and maximizing this invaluable resource for current and future generations.

  • WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand
    WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand

    Using processes that are both future-oriented and ecologically harmless, WEDECO products are committed to improving the foundations on which we live, on a global scale. As a company committed to healthcare, we consider it our duty to create health provisions, especially in the area of water disinfection. The broad outline of our business is to realize the best possible solution for mankind and the environment, and the most economic solution for our clients.

  • UV Pure Technologies
    UV Pure Technologies

    UV Pure® Technologies develops and manufactures technically advanced UV water purification systems. Since 1998, over 12,000 UV Pure systems have been installed in residential, commercial, industrial, public and municipal applications treating wastewater, reuse water, rainwater, and drinking water. The company’s Crossfire Technology is dramatically advantaged compared to conventional ultraviolet systems. UV Pure Systems are self-cleaning, and smart - with multiple sensors and on-board diagnostics. They are engineered to be fail-safe and virtually maintenance-free. Lamps are mounted in air surrounded by elliptical reflectors providing more effective deactivation of pathogens, incorporating easy lamp changes and visual quartz inspection. Remote monitoring is available.

ABOUT DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION

WATER DISINFECTION

Water disinfection is the process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. It is also the elimination, deactivation or killing of pathogenic microorganisms.

Methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.

Ozonators produce small quantities of ozone which is a strong oxidizing agent that kills pathogens over a short period of time.