CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

THM Removal System Successfully Removes Over 65% Of THM Species In Water Storage Tank At The End Of 60 Mile Transmission Line
THM Removal System Successfully Removes Over 65% Of THM Species In Water Storage Tank At The End Of 60 Mile Transmission Line

In Canada and the western United States, long treated water transmission lines are frequently utilized to convey potable water to rural communities. These long transmission lines combined with chlorine for water disinfection can often create the requisite conditions for the formation of undesirable disinfection-byproducts (DBPs). One of the most common DBPs is a family of volatile compounds called Trihalomethanes (THMs) which are regulated in Canada to a level of 100 ppb (part-per-billion) annual average and in the US to a level of 80 ppb.

  • Five Trends In The Water Purifier Market Worth Paying Attention To

    According to a recent survey by the Water Quality Association, 30 percent of residential water utility customers are concerned about the quality of the water coming out of their taps, which is likely one reason that American consumers spent upwards of $16 billion on bottled water last year. It’s also why the water purifier market continues to experience extreme growth and is expected to garner $45.3 billion by 2022 as companies in the space look to better cater to consumer demand.

  • Coastside County Water District, California Drives System Reliability And Sustainability With Microclor® On‐Site Hypochlorite Generation, Encore®  Metering Pumps And PolyBlend®  Polymer Activation
    Coastside County Water District, California Drives System Reliability And Sustainability With Microclor® On‐Site Hypochlorite Generation, Encore® Metering Pumps And PolyBlend® Polymer Activation

    Located in northern California, the Coastside County Water District (CCWD) provides treated water to the scenic town of Half Moon Bay and several unincorporated communities in the area. The system is served by two treatment plants, the Nunes Water Treatment Plant (4.5 MGD) and Denniston Creek Water Treatment Plant (1.0 MGD) and water is distributed through about 100 miles of transmission and distribution pipe.

  • Robust Encore® Pumps Replace Peristaltic Hose Pumps To Maintain Consistent pH For Finished Drinking Water
    Robust Encore® Pumps Replace Peristaltic Hose Pumps To Maintain Consistent pH For Finished Drinking Water

    Upper Deerfield Township, NJ relies on groundwater from four wells measuring 120 to 160 feet deep. The water is treated at two treatment plants with a capacity of 2.2 MGD and then pumped out to the distribution system with approximately 750,000 gallons of storage. Since the deep groundwater is hard, operators add lime to the finished water to raise the pH to reduce hardness.

  • Disinfection Tech Trials: How Calcium Hypochlorite Feeders Won Over Long Beach Township WTPs
    Disinfection Tech Trials: How Calcium Hypochlorite Feeders Won Over Long Beach Township WTPs

    In 2012 Long Beach Island, New Jersey, was pummeled by the catastrophic storm surge of Hurricane Sandy. Three of the town's four water plants were badly damaged. Plans were made to rebuild the facilities to higher standards to withstand potential storm impacts. 

  • California Dreamin’? Pilot Study Makes Treating Arsenic, Manganese And Iron A Reality
    California Dreamin’? Pilot Study Makes Treating Arsenic, Manganese And Iron A Reality

    The City of Paramount conducted a pilot study for arsenic, manganese and iron treatment system at their Well 15 site. The onsite pilot test was designed to demonstrate the performance of the Loprest Water Treatment Company treatment process proposed for the new treatment plant.

  • Building Resilient Drinking Water Treatment Operations For A Sustainable Water Future
    Building Resilient Drinking Water Treatment Operations For A Sustainable Water Future

    It's spring and the algae are in bloom, but harmful algal blooms are far from the only threats to drinking water. Fortunately, there are advanced treatment technologies to handle some of the most persistent contaminants today, including algal toxins, Cryptosporidium, and 1,4-dioxane.

  • Australian City Installs Microclor On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation System
    Australian City Installs Microclor On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation System

    Bathurst is the home of the Bathurst 1000 Race, the largest NASCAR-style “touring car” race in Australia. On race day, tens of thousands of additional visitors tax the capacity of the Bathurst 5 million-gallon-per- day wastewater treatment plant. The diligence and capability of the treatment staff allows the plant to meet the challenge every year. 

  • How To Know It’s Time To Replace Your RO Membrane
    How To Know It’s Time To Replace Your RO Membrane

    Reverse osmosis, or RO, is one of the finest technologies to purify water containing high total dissolved solids (TDS) levels of more than 500 ppm. Reverse osmosis plant exporters explain the technology as a separation technology where dissolved and invisible impurities in water are separated with the help of semi-permeable membrane or RO membrane that works under high pressure.

  • Evaluation And Optimization Of Clean-In-Place Using Ozone
    Evaluation And Optimization Of Clean-In-Place Using Ozone

    A chemical company which specializes in Clean-In-Place (CIP) systems, contacted Mazzei to discuss the use of ozone as an alternative to peracetic acid sanitation or heat sterilization at their customers’ plants.

  • On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Maintains Consistent Chloramine Disinfectant Residual At A Remote Tank
    On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Maintains Consistent Chloramine Disinfectant Residual At A Remote Tank

    Purissima Hills Water District (PHWD), a county water district, provides chloraminated water service to two-thirds of the town of Los Altos Hills, adjacent to the city of Palo Alto in Northern California. With remote tank locations, low population density (6,800 people) and low water demand (1.61MGD), PHWD is constantly challenged to maintain consistent disinfectant residual levels while simultaneously balancing the safe delivery of chemicals to its tank site at an affordable cost.

  • On-Site Disinfection Generation Enables City To Provide High Quality Water For Industrial Food Processing Customers
    On-Site Disinfection Generation Enables City To Provide High Quality Water For Industrial Food Processing Customers

    The city of Buhl, Idaho, obtains all of its drinking water from groundwater sources through multiple wells. Prior to 2009, the city did not treat the groundwater but only added chlorine in the form of bulk 12.5% sodium hypochlorite to provide a disinfectant residual. A combination of factors including: changes in EPA and state DEQ regulatory requirements, growth of the residential population and growth of the industrial food processing customers forced the City to build a new water treatment plant to provide filtration to address the naturally occurring arsenic present in the groundwater.

  • Pilot Test For Manganese Removal Using Manganese Greensand
    Pilot Test For Manganese Removal Using Manganese Greensand

    Loprest has been designing and fabricating manganese removal systems using manganese greensand for over forty years. Drawing on that experience; filtration rates, run times, backwash procedures, chemical dosage rates, etc. are all established by theoretical calculations and history. Therefore, Loprest’s goal in this pilot study was to conduct uninterrupted operation per bid testing procedures and document the results.

City Of San Diego Water Plant Switches From Chlorine Gas To On-Site Hypochlorite Generation To Reduce Risks, Improve Safety And Decrease Costs
City Of San Diego Water Plant Switches From Chlorine Gas To On-Site Hypochlorite Generation To Reduce Risks, Improve Safety And Decrease Costs

With virtually no local water sources available for use, the City of San Diego relies on water from the Metropolitan Water District, which imports its water from the Colorado River and the California State Water Project. The two massive water projects bring water from other watersheds and regions hundreds of miles to the north and east.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

Convertible Potable Water Treatment System: PWT-12/50 Convertible Potable Water Treatment System: PWT-12/50

For remote sites of 35 to 200 people, the newterra PWT-12/50 offers optimal flexibility – adapting to changing camp populations quickly and easily. The base 40' unit is a fully self-contained potable water treatment plant with capacity for up to 50 people.

UV Package Plant UV Package Plant

Calgon Carbon UV Technologies is pleased to introduce the C3500D/PS Packaged System for UV Wastewater Disinfection. This product uniquely addresses the needs of smaller communities with effluent flows of less than 2.6 million gallons a day.

Pressure Filters Pressure Filters

Loprest pressure filters can be provided in horizontal or vertical vessel configurations for flow rates from 50 to 5,000 GPM. The Loprest multi-cell pressure filter design produces its own backwash water, so there is no need for a separate treated water source and pumping system. The Loprest filter design has been optimized over many years for reliable, efficient, economical operation. All Loprest treatment systems are operated by a fully automated control package.

Carbon Systems Carbon Systems

Loprest designs and manufactures granular activated carbon (GAC) treatment systems for taste and odor applications, chlorine removal, PFC’s, 1 2 3 TCP, PCE/TCE, 1 4 dioxane, and many other contaminants. Loprest has a long, successful history in the selection and application of the proper carbon media for the application.

Filter Inspection And Media Replacement Filter Inspection And Media Replacement

Annual filter inspections are a key component to long term, trouble free filter operation. Loprest’s trained service engineers can inspect your treatment system and provide written recommendations for maintenance, improvements and upgrades to keep your filter system operating at its peak performance.

Reliable. Flexible. Experienced. Ozone And Advanced Oxidation Reliable. Flexible. Experienced. Ozone And Advanced Oxidation

De Nora offers reliable, robust and proven ozone solutions to ensure peace of mind, backed by extensive global experience.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Clearing The Air With Activated Carbon Clearing The Air With Activated Carbon

Think you know activated carbon? The range of capabilities is so robust that operators of all types — drinking water, wastewater, municipal, or industrial — should come to fully understand its usage.

Experience Pays Off For Gas Injection Experience Pays Off For Gas Injection

When it comes to gas injection, it pays to work with an experienced manufacturer that has lived the ups and downs of moving from pilots to full-scale plants. A number of years ago, Mazzei Injector Company ran into an issue where the engineer had specified a system at 2 psi of water pressure.

Tackling PFAS And Other Emerging Contaminants Tackling PFAS And Other Emerging Contaminants

Manmade chemicals — most notably PFAS and 1,2,3-trichloropropane, or TCP — are emerging as a serious threat to water sources that municipalities at some point will need to address to meet regulations and provide quality water. PFAS has been rearing its head across the U.S.; and while TCP is mainly a California issue, it could prove to be more expansive. In this Water Talk interview, Jim Knepper, vice president and general manager of the Resinex division of Jacobi Carbons, and Mike Bickel, a municipal sales manager with Jacobi, discuss how activated carbon technology is helping water plant operators tackle looming problems such as PFAS and TCP.

Challenges For Water Utilities Spur Technology Upgrades Challenges For Water Utilities Spur Technology Upgrades

Lee Odell, Water Treatment Global Technology Lead at CH2M HILL, discusses some of the current challenges that water utilities are facing and how CH2M HILL is well-poised to address them.

Ozone: An Emerging Star For Disinfection Ozone: An Emerging Star For Disinfection

There are many places around the country where water shortage is a big issue. Water is the most precious resource we have, and in light of the shortage, people have started trying to investigate creative ways of ‘what’s my next water resource,’ Chris Milligan, vice president, director of engineering with BlueInGreen, told Water Online Radio in an interview.

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

Conventional ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a great, but often expensive, solution for the destruction of pathogens in drinking water. All those lamps and power emissions add up. But what if you could perform the same job with 1/10 of the power used by conventional systems?

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

How To Install A UV Lamp How To Install A UV Lamp

This video features a step-by-step demonstration of how to change out a used UV lamp and install a new one.

Fluoride Saturator and Feed System Video Fluoride Saturator and Feed System Video

The IMS Fluoride Feed System is designed with separate saturator and solution tanks to ensure complete saturation, high reliability, low maintenance, and ease of use. Systems are sized to meet customer requirements.

Ozone Simplified: Make Your Next Disinfection Project As Simple As 1-2-O<sub>3</sub> Ozone Simplified: Make Your Next Disinfection Project As Simple As 1-2-O3

Pinnacle Ozone Solutions was founded with the goal of simplifying the ozone process.  Our products and systems specifically designed to be modular, reliable, and both energy and cost efficient.  Our truly unique approach allows each system to be precisely matched to your individual needs using truly independent QuadBlock™ ozone generator cells. This approach also allows for easy expansion, reduces the need for costly redundant or standby equipment, and can be fully upgraded at any time. Watch this informative video about how Pinnacle’s radically simple approach to ozone projects. 

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).