CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

On-Site Hypochlorite System Delivers Historic Efficiency Levels
On-Site Hypochlorite System Delivers Historic Efficiency Levels

In one of Pennsylvania’s three original counties, water has played an integral – even historic – role in the region’s development.

  • Upgrading From Gas Chlorine To On-Site Hypochlorite Generation To Improve Safety And System Resilience
    Upgrading From Gas Chlorine To On-Site Hypochlorite Generation To Improve Safety And System Resilience

    By replacing gas chlorine with on-site hypochlorite generation, Nashville was able to improve the safety and longevity of its water plants to accommodate the growth of the “Heart of Country Music” far into the future. At a recent water conference, Glen Doss, Treatment Plant Manager stated, “In 2016, the last gas chlorine railcar left to large applause.” 

  • Granular Activated Carbon System Provides Emergency Solution To Combat Algal Toxins
    Granular Activated Carbon System Provides Emergency Solution To Combat Algal Toxins

    Nestled in the Finger Lakes region in upstate New York, the town of Owasco is a popular vacation spot. With about 4,000 residents, the town, along with the nearby community of Auburn, relies on Owasco Lake for its drinking water. In 2016, Owasco and Auburn detected algal toxins in their finished water for the first time. With the busy summer tourist season quickly approaching, GHD contacted Calgon Carbon.

  • Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal - Bass Lake Water Company – Bass Lake, CA
    Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal - Bass Lake Water Company – Bass Lake, CA

    Bass Lake Water Company selected WRT’s Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system to remove high concentrations of uranium from their raw water source. The Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system is consistently reducing the uranium levels below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) since the 2007 installation.

  • Residual Control Technology Saves Millions Of Gallons Of Water While Maintaining Consistent Chloramine Residual Levels
    Residual Control Technology Saves Millions Of Gallons Of Water While Maintaining Consistent Chloramine Residual Levels

    Like many cities within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, the City of Coppell experienced water quality challenges at different periods throughout the year. In particular, the City had difficulty maintaining adequate chloramine residuals at the 1.5 MG Southwestern elevated storage tank during the warmer summer months when outdoor watering was restricted to conserve water.

  • Removing Hexavalent Chromium From Groundwater Supplies
    Removing Hexavalent Chromium From Groundwater Supplies

    The chromium removal pilot study was conducted for the County of San Bernardino, CA at their CSA 70 Zone J - Well 5 treatment facility. Chromium in the CSA 70 Zone J – Well 5 raw water source exceeds the current Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL).

  • Utility  Enjoys More Than Seven Years of On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Production
    Utility Enjoys More Than Seven Years of On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Production

    “To me, Microclor® is the top of the line on‐site generation system on the market due to low maintenance and it being very user friendly.” Larry English, Water Quality Manager, Daphne Utilities. Read the full project profile to learn more.

  • Expansion And Upgrade Of WWTP Ozone Disinfection System Reduces Energy Cost By 69%
    Expansion And Upgrade Of WWTP Ozone Disinfection System Reduces Energy Cost By 69%

    The financial cost to maintain their ozone equipment, and increasing scarcity of replacement parts for their ozone generator, motivated a utility in Springfield, MO, to upgrade their ozone system. Read the full case study to learn how the plant assessed the energy cost of a sidestream ozone injection system compared to that of a turbine mixing design and showed that the Mazzei retrofit design reduced the energy cost of ozone contacting by an average of 69.2% under all plant flow conditions.

  • Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal – City Of Grand Island, NE
    Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal – City Of Grand Island, NE

    A single WRT Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system was selected by the City of Grand Island, NE to remove high concentrations of uranium in three city wells.  When the Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system was installed in 2012, it was the largest uranium treatment facility in the nation. The high uranium in the raw water source is consistently being reduced to levels below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). 

  • The U.S. Government Is Finally Starting To Pay Attention To PFAS — It’s About Time

    The Environment Working Group (EWG) recently released a report that claims up to 110 million Americans could have drinking water contaminated by PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) — much higher than the previous estimate of 16 million affected Americans.

  • Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer
    Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer

    For drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs), the EPA’s Disinfection Byproduct Rule (DBP) is a way of life. Unfortunately, for many facilities the equipment and operations haven’t evolved with the regulation mandates, leaving facilities in a tough spot. For a DWTP in Douglas County, KS, its challenges with accurate TOC measurement and testing, along with expensive calibrations and extended downtime with its prior TOC analyzer led it to trialing the Hach QbD1200 TOC Analyzer. Read the full case study to learn more.

  • What’s In Your Water? An Updated Analysis
    What’s In Your Water? An Updated Analysis

    NRDC’s new analysis of the most recent EPA data finds that nearly 30 million people in the United States drank water from community water systems that violated the EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule between January 2015 and March 2018.

  • Largest Ozone Facility In North America Meets Regulatory Requirements And Remediates Taste & Odor Problems
    Largest Ozone Facility In North America Meets Regulatory Requirements And Remediates Taste & Odor Problems

    The North Texas Metropolitan Water District began working to add ozone to its four interconnected water treatment facilities which operate as the Wylie Water Treatment Plant (WTP).

City Of Springfield, MO, Upgrades Disinfection System From Gas Chlorine To On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation
City Of Springfield, MO, Upgrades Disinfection System From Gas Chlorine To On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

In April 2013, City Utilities started up three Microclor Model MC‐1500 skid systems, each rated at 1,500 pounds per day of free available chlorine.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

Ion Exchange Systems Ion Exchange Systems

Loprest has been providing ion exchange treatment systems for the removal of arsenic, nitrate, perchlorate, hardness, fluoride and other contaminants for many decades. Loprest has the engineering process and application expertise to select the proper exchange resin and design a treatment system that will optimize the system performance.

Pipeline Flash Reactor Plus (PFR+) Pipeline Flash Reactor Plus (PFR+)

Today’s high dosage ozone systems, such as those required by water reuse projects, place extraordinary energy and mixing demands on ozone mass transfer. Mazzei utilized multiphase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses to develop the new PFR+ to address these challenges.

Contaminant Removal Contaminant Removal

With 90 years of water treatment experience, Loprest has the expertise to design an effective treatment process for your water treatment challenges.  From basic filtration and ion exchange to multiple contaminant applications, challenge Loprest for an economic, effective solution of your water quality compliance issue.

Field Pilot Studies Field Pilot Studies

Pilot tests conducted at numerous facilities demonstrate that Loprest treatment processes successfully reduce iron, manganese, arsenic, nitrate, and many other select contaminants in drinking water to well below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). Loprest can provide self-contained portable, free-standing pilot units or mobile, trailer-mounted units, depending on specific testing needs at each site. Services include unit delivery, setup, and operation. Upon completion of the pilot study, Loprest will prepare a Pilot Study Report and a detailed cost proposal for a full-scale system.

Pressure Filters Pressure Filters

Loprest pressure filters can be provided in horizontal or vertical vessel configurations for flow rates from 50 to 5,000 GPM. The Loprest multi-cell pressure filter design produces its own backwash water, so there is no need for a separate treated water source and pumping system. The Loprest filter design has been optimized over many years for reliable, efficient, economical operation. All Loprest treatment systems are operated by a fully automated control package.

Carbon Systems Carbon Systems

Loprest designs and manufactures granular activated carbon (GAC) treatment systems for taste and odor applications, chlorine removal, PFC’s, 1 2 3 TCP, PCE/TCE, 1 4 dioxane, and many other contaminants. Loprest has a long, successful history in the selection and application of the proper carbon media for the application.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle

Advanced treatment solutions continue to evolve as 1,4-Dioxin, N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) removal and Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) appear on the regulatory horizon. Many times, advanced treatment requires combinations of different products in the treatment process.

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS

Coconut shell activated carbon is typically used for filtration in cleaner waters. Its alternatives are coal-based or wood-based carbon. With the recently published EPA guidelines on perfluorinated compounds, Water Online Radio sat down with Neal Megonnell, Senior Vice President for Haycarb USA, to understand coconut shell activated carbon’s application in fighting PFOA and PFOS.

Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination

Fletcher Roche, Product Manager at Evoqua Water Technologies, explains why chlorine gas is a safe and cost-effective disinfection solution.

Clearing The Air With Activated Carbon Clearing The Air With Activated Carbon

Think you know activated carbon? The range of capabilities is so robust that operators of all types — drinking water, wastewater, municipal, or industrial — should come to fully understand its usage.

Making Aftermarket Service And Support Work For Water And Wastewater Treatment Plants Making Aftermarket Service And Support Work For Water And Wastewater Treatment Plants

As municipalities look to make their water and wastewater treatment equipment run longer with fewer operational staff on payroll to maintain the equipment, having a reliable aftermarket parts and service provider becomes essential.

A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water

The facilities run by the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics have strict standards for water quality, as staff must protect the very sensitive equipment and patients under their care. Safeguarding against such threats as Legionella, there is no room for treatment system downtime. As maintenance issues with the network's existing water treatment systems became ever-increasing, a new technology was sought.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

Sherbrooke Water Filtration Plant Video Testimonial Sherbrooke Water Filtration Plant Video Testimonial

This video features the lead operator for the ozone and filtration systems at the Sherbrooke Water Filtration Plant in Quebec, Canada, Mr. Yves DelaFontaine.  As you’ll see in the video, Yves has high remarks for Pinnacle’s modular capability, built in redundancy and ease of installation, which took place in 2014.  

Open Channel Ultraviolet Disinfection From WEDECO Open Channel Ultraviolet Disinfection From WEDECO

Water Online’s Bill King talks to Jay Jordan of WEDECO about the Duron UV system, which Jordan describes as an efficient, green solution that requires little maintenance. Suitable for secondary and tertiary wastewater applications, the Duron features a compact design, intelligent dose control, and overall efficiency benefits further described in the video.

Becancour Water Treatment Plant Video Testimonial Becancour Water Treatment Plant Video Testimonial

Pinnacle Ozone Solutions is proud to present a new video featuring one of our newest Canadian installations in Becancour, Quebec. The video features the City’s Superintendent of Environmental Health, Mr. Michel Carbonneau. As you’ll see in the video, Michel has high remarks for Pinnacle’s modular capability, built in redundancy and ease of installation. Pinnacle’s vision of INVENTING a BETTER ozone generation platform centers around a technology that is flexible, reliable and efficient. This video exemplifies our vision and Pinnacle’s commitment to deliver, service and support our customers. Special thanks to Mr. Michel Carbonneau and The City of Becancour for entrusting Pinnacle Ozone Solutions with their ozone generation needs.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).