CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System
Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System

Hendersonville Utility District (HUD) serves one of the most populous suburbs of Nashville, Tennessee.

  • Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer
    Upgrading DWTP Operations In Kansas With The QbD1200 TOC Analyzer

    For drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs), the EPA’s Disinfection Byproduct Rule (DBP) is a way of life. Unfortunately, for many facilities the equipment and operations haven’t evolved with the regulation mandates, leaving facilities in a tough spot. For a DWTP in Douglas County, KS, its challenges with accurate TOC measurement and testing, along with expensive calibrations and extended downtime with its prior TOC analyzer led it to trialing the Hach QbD1200 TOC Analyzer. Read the full case study to learn more.

  • City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System
    City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System

    With 100 years of service history, Austin Water has seen enormous change in its 540 square miles of service area. Planning for the next 100 years has city and utility planners considering a diversity of sources, system resilience, and sustainability while being mindful of conservation goals. In the city’s newest water treatment plant, WTP4, Austin Water was able to combine those planning elements into a state‐of‐the‐art treatment plant. The plant, which is located on Lake Travis, is capable of treating 50 million gallons a day (MGD) with the ability to expand to 300 MGD.

  • Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance
    Granular Activated Carbon: A Long-Term Solution For Meeting DPB Compliance

    When the Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority (CCMWA) anticipated the need to upgrade the Hugh A. Wyckoff water treatment plant, they turned to granular activated carbon (GAC) technology after vetting several alternatives. The plant, a wholesaler in a two-plant system, processes up to 72 million gallons per day and serves about 350,000 people. Comprising of Wyckoff and the James E. Quarles treatment plant, CCMWA is the second largest water provider in Georgia.

  •  Improving The Quality Of Tertiary Effluent For Indirect Potable Reuse With Geographic Constraints
    Improving The Quality Of Tertiary Effluent For Indirect Potable Reuse With Geographic Constraints

    The Mazzei Sidestream Venturi Injection – Pipeline Flash Reactor System provides a feasible alternative for dissolution of ozone at the Clark County Water Reclamation District (CCWRD) in Las Vegas, because it allowed for flexibility in basin design to meet geographic site constraints.

  • Evaluation And Optimization Of Clean-In-Place Using Ozone
    Evaluation And Optimization Of Clean-In-Place Using Ozone

    A chemical company which specializes in Clean-In-Place (CIP) systems, contacted Mazzei to discuss the use of ozone as an alternative to peracetic acid sanitation or heat sterilization at their customers’ plants.

  • Overcoming Operations Challenges For Direct Potable Reuse
    Overcoming Operations Challenges For Direct Potable Reuse

    The Water Environment & Reuse Foundation introduces a “bundle of research” to help direct potable reuse and its practitioners reach full potential.

  • Need More Water? Think Ozone-BAC For 'One Water' Resolution
    Need More Water? Think Ozone-BAC For 'One Water' Resolution

    If you thought reverse osmosis was the one and only choice for potable water reuse, think again. Ozonation followed by biological activated carbon (ozone-BAC) is more suited to inland communities and may be better at removing chemicals of emerging concern (CECs).

  • Product Recovery Through Ozone Oxidation Of Waste Liquor
    Product Recovery Through Ozone Oxidation Of Waste Liquor

    The manufacturing of soda ash from Trona is a multi-step process that results in the production of a waste liquor that contains significant levels of organic contamination.

  • Evaluation Of Ceraflow-50 As A Filtration Media For Hexavalent Chromium Treatment
    Evaluation Of Ceraflow-50 As A Filtration Media For Hexavalent Chromium Treatment

    Pilot testing was conducted to evaluate the relative performance of 4 filter media, including Ceraflow-50, as part of a reduction coagulation filtration (RCF) treatment process for the removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from groundwater. This evaluation was conducted at multiple well sites for a water utility in California.

  • Expansion And Upgrade Of WWTP Ozone Disinfection System Reduces Energy Cost By 69%
    Expansion And Upgrade Of WWTP Ozone Disinfection System Reduces Energy Cost By 69%

    The financial cost to maintain their ozone equipment, and increasing scarcity of replacement parts for their ozone generator, motivated a utility in Springfield, MO, to upgrade their ozone system. Read the full case study to learn how the plant assessed the energy cost of a sidestream ozone injection system compared to that of a turbine mixing design and showed that the Mazzei retrofit design reduced the energy cost of ozone contacting by an average of 69.2% under all plant flow conditions.

  • Nitrification In Monochloramine-Treated Water
    Nitrification In Monochloramine-Treated Water

    A water utility in the Midwest USA uses Monochloramine treatment in their two surface water treatment plants to disinfect raw water and establish residual disinfectant prior to discharge to their distribution system. 

  • San Diego Plant Cuts THM Levels In Half
    San Diego Plant Cuts THM Levels In Half

    The 34 MGD Otay Water Treatment Plant in San Diego, California serves a population of approximately 200,000. It is a conventional treatment plant that uses coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection. The plant receives raw water from two different sources — imported water from the Colorado River and runoff water from three local reservoirs.

How To Know It’s Time To Replace Your RO Membrane
How To Know It’s Time To Replace Your RO Membrane

Reverse osmosis, or RO, is one of the finest technologies to purify water containing high total dissolved solids (TDS) levels of more than 500 ppm. Reverse osmosis plant exporters explain the technology as a separation technology where dissolved and invisible impurities in water are separated with the help of semi-permeable membrane or RO membrane that works under high pressure.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

UV Package Plant UV Package Plant

Calgon Carbon UV Technologies is pleased to introduce the C3500D/PS Packaged System for UV Wastewater Disinfection. This product uniquely addresses the needs of smaller communities with effluent flows of less than 2.6 million gallons a day.

Ozone System For Advanced Water Treatment And Disinfection Ozone System For Advanced Water Treatment And Disinfection

With 1,200 installations worldwide, De Nora Ozone offers a wide range of ozone systems, from small compact units to turnkey plants. Ozone is used for the treatment of municipal drinking water and wastewater; micropollutants; industrial wastewater and process water; advanced oxidation; pools and spas; and biological sludge reduction. Using the strongest natural oxidants, on-site ozone generation does not create a residual biological sub-product, offers quick reaction time, and requires no chemical compounds. De Nora Ozone systems maximize ozone concentration while minimizing energy requirements, working closely with the customer to a provide a tailor-made solution for individual needs. De Nora Ozone has the expertise to ensure you get the most effective technical solution through pilot plants, testing and scale units.

Pipeline Flash Reactors for Mixing & Contacting Pipeline Flash Reactors for Mixing & Contacting

Pipeline Flash Reactors™ (PFRs or spool pieces) utilize high velocity mixing to transfer ozone or oxygen-enriched sidestreams into bulk water flow, all within a compact footprint. With a PFR, ozone or oxygen mass transfer occurs in the pipeline within seconds, eliminating the need for additional tanks or basins. Whether it is providing ozone for water purification or increased dissolved oxygen for wastewater, Mazzei’s PFR uniformly distributes gas into the water and minimizes the size and cost of gas contacting.

Aqua-Jet® SS-PW Surface Aerator For THM Removal Aqua-Jet® SS-PW Surface Aerator For THM Removal

The Aqua-Jet® SS-PW surface mechanical aerator, manufactured by Aqua-Aerobic Systems is certified to NSF/ANSI 61 by UL for use in potable water applications. These units can be utilized for THM stripping applications or circulation in potable water treatment systems and reservoirs with a minimum volume of 100,000 gallons.

Aqueous Ammonia Feed Systems Aqueous Ammonia Feed Systems

The IMS packaged Aqueous Ammonia Feed Systems include a heavy duty pressure rated aqueous ammonia storage tank, integral ammonia fume scrubber, peristaltic dosing pump, instrumentation and controls in a fully contained, pre-assembled skid.

NoMonia Biotreatment Solutions NoMonia Biotreatment Solutions

NoMonia is a dual-stage engineered biotreatment process that relies on naturally occurring bacteria. Typically, the amount of ammonia that can be oxidized during the natural nitrification process is limited by oxygen availability and its saturation level in the water.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection

Dan Shaver, Business Development Manager at Aquionics, talks about the advantages of UV-LED technology for disinfection: low energy requirements, chemical-free and customizable design, and proficiency in solar or battery-powered applications.

Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle

Advanced treatment solutions continue to evolve as 1,4-Dioxin, N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) removal and Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) appear on the regulatory horizon. Many times, advanced treatment requires combinations of different products in the treatment process.

LA Story: Advanced Treatment, Reuse Saves Scarce Water Resources LA Story: Advanced Treatment, Reuse Saves Scarce Water Resources

Officials in Los Angeles have grown tired of importing water, which is an expensive, unsustainable response to the region's persistent drought. The smarter solution, they concluded, is to reuse local resources through advanced purification and aquifer recharge. But how do you ensure safety and efficiency before committing to a treatment technology? A unique piloting tool from Xylem’s Wedeco brand offered the city clear answers.

How Do You Build A Heavier Floc And Let It Sink And Settle Faster? How Do You Build A Heavier Floc And Let It Sink And Settle Faster?

That’s a question that Jim Georger, regional sales manager with Kruger, a division of Veolia, discussed with Water Online Radio recently.

Drumming Up Chemical Injection Drumming Up Chemical Injection

The operating ranges for chemical injection need to be large because of the variability of flow in many treatment operations. As Bill McDowell, Vice President of Operations with Blue White Industries explains in this Water Talk interview, “You might be down to as low as 5 or 10 milliliters a minute and then one hour later; you might need to pump 15 gallons a minute out of the same pump and through the same sensor.”

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

Salsnes Delivers Fully Automated, Compact Filter Technology

Jorn Eliassen of Salsnes Filter, now part of TrojanUV, provides a detailed description of the company’s flagship product, which is presented as a low-cost option to a conventional primary clarifier. The system offers separation, thickening, and dewatering in one unit, features a small footprint, and is suitable for a variety of applications.

ClorTec On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generators ClorTec On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generators

On-site sodium hypochlorite generation is a proven, cost-effective, reliable and safe alternative disinfection treatment method. On-site generated sodium hypochlorite is stable and easy to feed, and less chlorine is lost to the atmosphere because of better mixing and retention in the treated water.

An Introduction To NeoTech Aqua Solutions An Introduction To NeoTech Aqua Solutions

Whether you’re managing municipal waters, working with cooling towers, or producing clean water, NeoTech Aqua Solutions offers disinfection, TOC reduction, and ozone destruction products that can be easily sized for your requirements.  Real-time dosimetry units provide exact dosage measurements, and a minimum number of lamps allow for halting of water flow without powering the unit down.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).